San Marino covers an area of 61.19 square kilometers. It is a landlocked country located in the northeastern part of the Apennine Peninsula in Europe. It is only 23 kilometers away from the Adriatic Sea and borders Italy on all sides. The terrain is dominated by Mount Titano (738 meters above sea level) in the middle, from which the hills extend to the southwest, and the northeast is a plain with the San Marino and Marano rivers flowing through. San Marino has a subtropical Mediterranean climate, its official language is Italian, and most of its residents believe in Catholicism. |
San Marino, the full name of the Republic of San Marino, covers an area of 61.19 square kilometers. It is a landlocked country located in the northeast of the Apennine Peninsula in Europe. It borders Italy all around. The terrain is dominated by Mount Titano (738 meters above sea level) in the middle, where the hills extend to the southwest and the northeast is the plain. There are San Marino River, Marano River, etc. flowing through. It has a subtropical Mediterranean climate. The total population of San Marino is 30065 (2006), of which 24,649 are of San Marino nationality. The official language is Italian. Most of the residents believe in Catholicism. The capital is San Marino, with a population of 4483 people.
The country was founded in 301 AD, and the Republican regulations were formulated in 1263. It is the oldest republic in Europe. Since the 15th century, the current country name has been determined. It remained neutral during the First World War, was occupied by Nazi Germany during the Second World War, and declared war on Germany in 1944. After the war, the Communist Party and the Socialist Party jointly governed.
National flag: It is rectangular, with a ratio of length to width 4:3. From top to bottom, it consists of two parallel and equal horizontal rectangles, white and light blue. The center of the flag is the national emblem. White symbolizes white snow and purity; light blue symbolizes the blue sky. There are two types of San Marino flags. The above-mentioned flags are used for official and formal occasions, and the flag without national emblem is used for informal occasions.