Tokelau BASIC INFOMATION
|LOCAL TIME||YOUR TIME|
|LOCAL TIME ZONE||TIMEZONE DIFFERENCE|
|UTC/GMT +13 HOURS|
|latitude / longitude|
|8°58'2 / 171°51'19|
|TK / TKL|
|Tokelauan 93.5% (a Polynesian language)|
TYPE I AUSTRALIAN PLUG|
|Tokelau banks list|
Tokelau is also known as "Union Islands" or "Union Islands". The south-central Pacific island group,  , consists of Fakaofo Atoll (Fakaofo, 2.63 square kilometers), Atafu Atoll (Atafu, 2.03 square kilometers), Nukunonu Atoll (Nukunonu, 5.46 square kilometers) Km) composed of 3 coral islands. Tokelau is located between 8°-10°south latitude and 171°-173°west longitude, 480 kilometers north of Western Samoa, 3900 kilometers southwest of Hawaii, Tuvalu to the west, Kiribati to the east and north.
Tokelau’s three coral atolls line up from southeast to northwest, all surrounded by many small islands and reefs, which form a central lagoon. The largest atoll Nukuno Noonan is 480 kilometers away from Samoa. Atoll islets are located on the reef veins that descend into the sea not far from the shore. The atoll lagoon has shallow water and coral outcrops dotted it, so it cannot be shipped. The island is low and flat, with an altitude of 2.4 to 4.5 meters (8 to 15 feet). The high permeability of its coral sandy soil forces people to adopt two water storage measures, traditionally using coconut tree trunks in the hollow center to store water.
It has a tropical oceanic climate, with an average annual temperature of 28℃. July is the coolest and May is the hottest, but it is cooler during the rainy season with occasional storms.
The average annual rainfall is 1500-2500, most of which are concentrated in the trade wind season (April to November). At this time, there are occasional typhoons and droughts in other months.
Very dense vegetation, there are about 40 kinds of trees, including coconut trees, luer trees and other Polynesian trees and shrubs. Wild animals include rats, lizards, seabirds and some migratory birds.
It became a British protectorate in 1889. In 1948, the sovereignty of the archipelago was transferred to New Zealand and included in the territory of New Zealand. In 1994, it became the dominion of New Zealand. Two independent referendums in 2006 and 2007 ended in failure.
The vast majority of residents are Polynesians, and a few Europeans are culturally and linguistically related to Samoa.
Tokelau is the official language, and English is commonly used.
70% of the residents of Tokelau believe in Protestant Congregation and 28% believe in Roman Catholicism. Attafu has the highest population density.
Due to immigration to New Zealand and Samoa, the population is relatively stable.
The land on the island is barren. The export of copra, stamps, commemorative coins and handicrafts, as well as the fees paid by American fishing boats fishing in Tokelau’s exclusive economic zone, are the island’s main source of income. Tokelau’s tuna fishing license fees and tariffs have allowed Tokelau to collect 1.2 million pounds a year.
The economy is dominated by subsistence agriculture (including fishery). The land is determined by kinship and is reserved for community use. It is rich in coconut, breadfruit, cocoa, papaya, taro and banana. Coconut can be made into copra, which is the only cash crop available for export. The taro grows in a special garden where leaves are composted. Taro, breadfruit, papa and banana are food crops. Pigs and chickens are livestock and poultry raised for daily needs. Fishermen catch fish in the lagoon and marine fish and shellfish for local consumption. After New Zealand established a 200-mile exclusive economic area in the 1980s, the South Pacific Commission began to implement a plan to train fishermen. Tauanave trees, specially designed for the manufacture of canoes, houses and other domestic needs, are planted on selected small islands.
Manufacturing is limited to copra production, tuna processing, canoe manufacturing, wood products and traditional weaving of hats, seats, and bags. The sale of philatelic stamps and coins increased the annual revenue, but Tokelau’s budgetary expenditures often exceeded the annual revenue and needed New Zealand’s support. The repatriation of a large number of immigrants is an important source of annual income.
The main foreign trade partner is New Zealand, the export is copra, and the main import is food, construction materials and fuel.
Universal New Zealand dollar, and issue of Trafigura commemorative coins 1 Singapore dollar is approximately US$0.7686 (December 2007).
As a trusteeship, New Zealand provides Tokelau with more than US$6.4 million in financial assistance each year, accounting for 80% of its annual budget. New Zealand has provided support to Tokelau through the "Free Association Agreement". A trust fund of approximately 9.7 million pounds has been established to allow islanders to obtain assistance from other countries and international organizations. The islanders still retain the benefits of New Zealand citizens. right.
In addition, Tokelau also accepts UNDP, South Pacific Regional Environment Program, South Pacific Commission, UNESCO, United Nations Population Fund, World Health Organization, United Nations Children’s Fund, Commonwealth Assistance from agencies such as youth development programs.