North Korea COUNTRY CODE +850

How to dial North Korea









latitude / longitude
40°20'22 / 127°29'43
Won (KPW)
National flag
North KoreaNational flag
banks list
North Korea banks list
120,540 KM2

North Korea Introduction

North Korea is adjacent to China, and Northeast is bordered by Russia. The average altitude is 440 meters, the mountains account for about 80% of the country's land area, and the peninsula’s coastline is about 17,300 kilometers long. It has a temperate monsoon climate, the whole country is a single ethnic Korean, and the Korean language is commonly used. Rich in mineral resources, more than 300 kinds of minerals have been proven, of which more than 200 are valuable mineral deposits, the reserves of graphite and magnesite are among the top in the world, iron ore and aluminum, zinc, copper, gold, silver and other non-ferrous metals and There are abundant reserves of non-metallic minerals such as coal, limestone, mica and asbestos.


North Korea, called the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, covers an area of ​​122,762 square kilometers. North Korea is located in the northern half of the Korean Peninsula in eastern Asia. China is bordered in the north, Russia is bordered in the northeast, and South Korea is bordered by a military boundary in the south. The Korean Peninsula is surrounded by the sea on three sides, with the Sea of ​​Japan in the east (including the East Korean Bay) and the Yellow Sea in the southwest (including the West Korean Bay). Mountains account for about 80% of the land area. The coastline of the peninsula is about 17,300 kilometers (including the island coastline). It has a temperate monsoon climate with an average annual temperature of 8-12°C and an average annual rainfall of 1000-1200 mm.

Administrative divisions: The country is divided into 3 municipalities and 9 provinces, namely Pyongyang City, Kaicheng City, Nampo City, South Ping An Road, North Ping An Road, and Cijiang Road , Yangjiang Province, South Hamgyong Province, North Hamgyong Province, Gangwon Province, South Hwanghae Province, and North Hwanghae Province.

After the 1st century AD, the three ancient kingdoms of Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla were formed on the Korean Peninsula. Silla unified Korea in the middle of the 7th century. In 918 AD, the king of Korea, Wang Jianding, was named "Goryeo" and the capital was established in Songak. In 1392, Lee Sung-gye abolished the 34th king of Goryeo, proclaimed himself the king, and changed his country's name to North Korea. In August 1910, North Korea became a Japanese colony. It was liberated on August 15, 1945. At the same time, the Soviet and American armies stationed in the northern and southern halves of the 38th parallel. On September 9, 1948, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea was established. Joined the United Nations with South Korea on September 17, 1991.

National flag: It is a horizontal rectangle with a ratio of length to width of 2:1. In the middle of the flag is a wide band of red, with blue edges on the upper and lower sides, and thin white stripes between red and blue. There is a white round ground on the side of the flagpole in the wide red strip with a red five-pointed star inside. The wide red bar symbolizes the lofty spirit of patriotism and the spirit of tenacious struggle, the white symbolizes North Korea as a single nation, the blue narrow bar symbolizes unity and peace, and the red five-pointed star symbolizes revolutionary tradition.

North Korea has a population of 23.149 million (2001). The whole country is a single Korean ethnic group, and the Korean language is commonly used.

North Korea is rich in mineral resources, with more than 300 proven minerals, of which more than 200 are valuable for mining. Water power and forest resources are also abundant. The industry is dominated by mining, electric power, machinery, metallurgy, chemical industry and textiles. Agriculture is dominated by rice and corn, each of which accounts for about half of the total grain output. The main ports are Chongjin, Nanpu, Wonsan and Xingnan. It mainly exports iron and steel, non-ferrous metals, ginseng, textiles and aquatic products. Imported products mainly include petroleum, mechanical equipment, electronic products, and textile products. The main trading partners are China, South Korea, Japan, Russia, Southeast Asian countries, etc.

Main cities

Pyongyang: Pyongyang, the capital of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, is located at 125 degrees 41 minutes east longitude and 39 degrees 01 north latitude It is the intersection of 284 kilometers southeast of Sinuiju, 226 kilometers west of Wonsan Mountain, and 54 kilometers northeast of Nampo. The current population is about 2 million. Pyongyang City is located at the junction of the Pyongyang plains and hills on the lower reaches of the Datong River, with undulating hills on the east, west and north sides. There is Ruiqi Mountain in the east, Cangguang Mountain in the southwest, Jinxiu Mountain and Mudan Peak in the north, and the plain in the south. Because part of the land in Pyongyang is on the plain, it means Pyongyang, which means "flat soil". The Datong River and its tributaries flow through the urban area. There are Lingluo Island, Yangjiao Island, Liyan Island and other islands in the river with beautiful scenery.

Pyongyang has a history of more than 1,500 years and was designated as the capital city as early as the Dangun era. In 427 AD, the longevity king of Goguryeo established the capital here. The castle that was built on Ayutthaya Mountain at that time still has a ruins. Pyongyang has been the capital of the Goguryeo Dynasty for about 250 years. Later, during the Goryeo period, Daduhufu was established here and became Xijing, which was later changed to Xidu, Dongnyeong, Wanhu, and Pyongyang. It was one of 23 prefectures in 1885. In 1886, it was the seat of the South Ping'an Provincial Government. In September 1946, it became a special city of Pyongyang and separated from South Pyongan Province. In September, 1948, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea was established, with Pyongyang as its capital.

Pyongyang is a tourist attraction. The clear and green Datong River divides the urban area of ​​Pyongyang into two parts, the Datong Bridge and the majestic Yuliu Bridge, which have stood the test of war. It looks like Changhong flying across, connecting East and West Pyongyang into one. Lingluo Island in the heart of the Datong River is densely forested and full of flowers blooming. The 64-story hotel building on the island adds a new look to the beautiful scenery.