Somalia BASIC INFOMATION
|LOCAL TIME||YOUR TIME|
|LOCAL TIME ZONE||TIMEZONE DIFFERENCE|
|UTC/GMT +3 HOURS|
|latitude / longitude|
|5°9'7"N / 46°11'58"E|
|SO / SOM|
according to the Transitional Federal Charter)
TYPE C EUROPEAN 2-PIN|
|Somalia banks list|
Somalia covers an area of 630,000 square kilometers. It is located on the Somali Peninsula in the east of the African continent. It borders the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Indian Ocean to the east, Kenya and Ethiopia to the west, and the border with Djibouti in the northwest. The strategic position is very important because it guards the Red Sea connecting the Indian Ocean. The coastline is 3,200 kilometers long. The east coast is a plain with many sand dunes along the coast. The lowland along the Gulf of Aden is the Jiban Plain, the middle is a plateau, the north is mountainous, and the southwest is grassland, semi-desert and desert. Most areas have a tropical desert climate, and the southwest has a tropical grassland climate. |
Somali, the full name of the Republic of Somalia, is located on the Somali Peninsula in the easternmost part of the African continent. It borders the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Indian Ocean to the east, Kenya and Ethiopia to the west, and Djibouti to the northwest. The coastline is 3,200 kilometers long. The east coast is a plain with many sand dunes along the coast; the lowland along the Gulf of Aden is the Jiban Plain; the middle is a plateau; the north is mountainous; the southwest is a grassland, semi-desert and desert. The Surad Mountain is 2,408 meters above sea level and is the highest peak in the country. The main rivers are Shabelle and Juba. Most areas have a tropical desert climate, and the southwest has a tropical grassland climate, with high temperature all year round and dryness with little rain.
A feudal empire was established in the 13th century. Beginning in 1840, British, Italian, and French colonialists invaded and partitioned Somalia one after another. After the Second World War, Britain and Italy were forced to agree to the independence of British Somalia and Italian Somalia in 1960. The two regions merged to form the Republic of Somalia on July 1 of the same year. On October 21, 1969, the country was renamed the Democratic Republic of Somalia.
National flag: It is rectangular with a ratio of length to width of 3:2. The flag ground is light blue with a white five-pointed star in the middle. Light blue is the color of the United Nations flag, because the United Nations is the initiator of the trusteeship and independence of Somalia. The five-pointed star symbolizes the freedom and independence of Africa; the five horns represent the five regions of the original Somalia; it means Somalia (now called the southern region), British Somalia (now called the northern region), and French Somalia (now independent Djibouti), and now part of Kenya and Ethiopia.
The population is 10.4 million (estimated in 2004). Somali and Arabic are the official languages. General English and Italian. Islam is the state religion.