Togo BASIC INFOMATION
|LOCAL TIME||YOUR TIME|
|LOCAL TIME ZONE||TIMEZONE DIFFERENCE|
|UTC/GMT 0 HOURS|
|latitude / longitude|
|8°37'18"N / 0°49'46"E|
|TG / TGO|
the language of commerce)
Ewe and Mina (the two major African languages in the south)
Kabye (sometimes spelled Kabiye) and Dagomba (the two major African languages in the north)
TYPE C EUROPEAN 2-PIN|
|Togo banks list|
Togo covers an area of 56785 square kilometers and is located in western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea to the south, Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north. The coastline is 53 kilometers long, the whole area is long and narrow, more than half of which are hills and valleys. The southern part is the coastal plain, the central part is the plateau, and the Atacola highland with an altitude of 500-600 meters, the north is the low plateau, and the main mountain range is the Togo Mountains. The southern part of Togo has a tropical rainforest climate, and the northern part has a tropical steppe climate. |
Togo, the full name of the Republic of Togo, is located in western Africa and borders the Gulf of Guinea in the south. West is adjacent to Ghana. It borders Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north. The coastline is 53 kilometers long. The whole area is long and narrow, and more than half are hills and valleys. The southern part is the coastal plain; the central part is the plateau, the Atacola mountain highland with an altitude of 500-600 meters; the north is the low plateau. The main mountain range is the Togo mountain range. The Bowman Peak is 986 meters above sea level, the highest point in the country. There are many lagoons in the territory. The main rivers are Mono River and Oti River. The south has a tropical rainforest climate, and the north has a tropical grassland climate. The country is divided into five major economic zones: coastal zone, plateau zone, central zone, Kara zone and grassland zone.
There were many independent tribes and small kingdoms in ancient Togo. In the 15th century, Portuguese colonists invaded the coast of Togo. It became a German colony in 1884. In September 1920, the west and east of Togo were occupied by Britain and France respectively. After the Second World War, they were "trusted" by Britain and France. When Ghana became independent in 1957, Western Togo under British trust was merged into Ghana. In August 1956, Eastern Togo became an "autonomous republic" within the French Community. It became independent on April 27, 1960, and the country was named the Togolese Republic.
National flag: It is rectangular, the ratio of length to width is about 5:3. It consists of three green horizontal stripes and two yellow horizontal stripes arranged alternately. The upper left corner of the flag is a red square with a white five-pointed star in the middle. Green symbolizes agriculture and hope; yellow symbolizes the country’s mineral deposits, and also expresses the people’s confidence and concern for the fate of the motherland; red symbolizes the sincerity, fraternity and dedication of mankind; white symbolizes purity; the five-pointed star symbolizes the country’s independence and people’s rebirth .
The population is 5.2 million (estimated in 2005), and the official language is French. Ewe and Kabyle are the most common national languages. About 70% of residents believe in fetishism, 20% believe in Christianity, and 10% believe in Islam.
Togo is one of the least developed countries in the world announced by the United Nations. Agricultural products, phosphate and re-export trade are the three pillar industries. The main mineral resource is phosphate, which is the third largest producer in sub-Saharan Africa, with proven reserves: 260 million tons of high-quality ore, and about 1 billion tons with a small amount of carbonate. Other mineral deposits include limestone, marble, iron and manganese.
Togo's industrial base is weak. The main industrial sectors include mining, agricultural product processing, textiles, leather, chemicals, building materials, etc. 77% of industrial enterprises are SMEs. 67% of the country’s working population is engaged in agriculture. The area of arable land is about 3.4 million hectares, the area of cultivated land is about 1.4 million hectares, and the area of grain crops is about 850,000 hectares. Food crops are mainly corn, sorghum, cassava and rice, whose output value accounts for 67% of agricultural output value; cash crops account for about 20%, mainly cotton, coffee and cocoa. Animal husbandry is mainly concentrated in the central and northern regions, and its output value accounts for 15% of agricultural output value. Since the 1980s, Togo's tourism has developed rapidly. The main tourist spots are Lome, Togo Lake, Palime Scenic Area and Kara city.