Kenya BASIC INFOMATION
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|UTC/GMT +3 HOURS|
|latitude / longitude|
|0°10'15"N / 37°54'14"E|
|KE / KEN|
numerous indigenous languages
TYPE G BRITISH 3-PIN|
|Kenya banks list|
Kenya covers an area of more than 580,000 square kilometers, located in eastern Africa, across the equator, bordering Somalia in the east, Ethiopia and Sudan in the north, Uganda in the west, Tanzania in the south, and the Indian Ocean in the southeast. The coastline is 536 kilometers long. Located in the central highlands, Mount Kenya is 5,199 meters above sea level. It is the highest peak in the country and the second highest peak in Africa. The summit is covered with snow all year round. The extinct volcano Vagagai is 4321 meters above sea level and is famous for its huge crater (15 kilometers in diameter). . There are many rivers and lakes, most of which have a tropical grassland climate. |
Kenya, the full name of the Republic of Kenya, covers an area of 582,646 square kilometers. Located in eastern Africa, across the equator. It borders Somalia to the east, Ethiopia and Sudan to the north, Uganda to the west, Tanzania to the south, and the Indian Ocean to the southeast. The coastline is 536 kilometers long. The coast is plain, and most of the rest are plateaus with an average elevation of 1,500 meters. The east branch of the Great Rift Valley longitudinally cuts the plateau from north to south, dividing the highland into east and west. The bottom of the Great Rift Valley is 450-1000 meters below the plateau and 50-100 kilometers wide. There are lakes of varying depths and many volcanoes. The north is a desert and semi-desert zone, accounting for about 56% of the country's total area. Mount Kenya in the central highlands is 5,199 meters above sea level. It is the highest peak in the country and the second highest peak in Africa. The summit is covered with snow all year round; the extinct volcano Vagagai is 4321 meters above sea level and is famous for its huge crater (15 kilometers in diameter). There are many rivers and lakes, and the largest rivers are the Tana River and the Garana River. Affected by the southeast trade wind and the northeast trade wind, most of the territory has a tropical grassland climate. Except for the dry and hot areas at the bottom of the Great Rift Valley, the plateau area in the southwest has a subtropical forest climate. The climate is mild, the average monthly temperature is between 14-19℃, and the annual precipitation is 750-1000 mm. The eastern coastal plain is hot and humid, with an average annual temperature of 24°C and an average annual rainfall of 500-1200 mm, mainly in May; the northern and eastern half of the semi-desert area has a dry, hot, and less rainy climate, with an annual rainfall of 250-500 mm. The long rainy season is from March to June, the short rainy season is from October to December, and the dry season is the remaining months.
Kenya is divided into 7 provinces and 1 provincial special zone, with districts, townships and villages below the province. The seven provinces are Central Province, Rift Valley Province, Nyanza Province, Western Province, Eastern Province, Northeast Province, and Coastal Province. One provincial special zone is the Nairobi special zone.
Kenya is one of the birthplaces of mankind. Human skull fossils about 2.5 million years ago were unearthed in Kenya. In the 7th century AD, some commercial cities have formed along the southeast coast of Kenya, and Arabs began to do business and settle here. From the 15th century to the 19th century, Portuguese and British colonists invaded one after another. In 1895, Britain announced that it was willing to be its "East African Protectorate", and in 1920 it became a British colony. After 1920, the national liberation movement that was willing to fight for independence flourished. In February 1962, the London Constitutional Convention decided to form a coalition government by the Kenya African National Union ("Ken League") and the Kenya African Democratic Union. The autonomous government was established on June 1, 1963, and independence was declared on December 12. On December 12, 1964, the Republic of Kenya was established, but it remained in the Commonwealth. Kenyatta became the first president.
National flag: The national flag is designed based on the flag of the African National Union of Kenya before independence. It is rectangular, and the ratio of length to width is 3:2. From top to bottom, it consists of three parallel and equal horizontal rectangles, black, red, and green. The red rectangle has a white side on the top and bottom. The pattern in the middle of the flag is a shield and two crossed spears. Black symbolizes the people of Kenya, red symbolizes the struggle for freedom, green symbolizes agriculture and natural resources, and white symbolizes unity and peace; the spear and shield symbolize the unity of the motherland and the struggle to defend freedom.
Kenya has a population of 35.1 million (2006). There are 42 ethnic groups in the country, mainly Kikuyu (21%), Luhya (14%), Luao (13%), Karenjin (11%) and Kham (11%) Wait. In addition, there are a few Indians, Pakistanis, Arabs and Europeans. Swahili is the national language and the official language is the same as English. 45% of the population believes in Protestant Christianity, 33% believes in Catholicism, 10% believes in Islam, and the rest believe in primitive religions and Hinduism.
Kenya is one of the countries with a better economic foundation in sub-Saharan Africa. Agriculture, service industry and industry are the three pillars of the national economy, and tea, coffee and flowers are the three major foreign exchange earning projects of agriculture. Kenya is Africa's largest flower exporter, with a 25% market share in the EU. Industry is relatively developed in East Africa, and daily necessities are basically self-sufficient. Kenya is rich in mineral resources, mainly including soda ash, salt, fluorite, limestone, barite, gold, silver, copper, aluminum, zinc, niobium, and thorium. The forest area is 87,000 square kilometers, accounting for 15% of the country's land area. Forest reserves are 950 million tons.
Industry has developed rapidly after independence, and the categories are relatively complete. It is the most industrially developed country in East Africa. 85% of the daily consumer goods needed are produced domestically, of which clothing, paper, food, beverages, cigarettes, etc. are basically self-sufficient, and some are also exported. Larger companies include oil refining, tires, cement, steel rolling, power generation, and automobile assembly plants. Agriculture is one of the pillars of the national economy, with an output value accounting for about 17% of GDP, and 70% of the country’s population is engaged in agriculture and animal husbandry. The arable land area is 104,800 square kilometers (about 18% of the land area), of which arable land accounts for 73%, mainly in the southwest. In normal years, the grain is basically self-sufficient, and there is a small amount of export. The main crops are: corn, wheat, coffee, etc. Coffee and tea are Ken's main export exchange products. Kenya has been an important trading country in East Africa since ancient times, and foreign trade occupies an important position in the national economy. Animal husbandry is also more important in the economy. The service industry includes finance, insurance, real estate, commercial services and other service industries.
Kenya is a famous tourist country in Africa, and tourism is one of the main foreign exchange earning industries. The beautiful natural scenery, strong ethnic customs, unique landforms and countless rare birds and animals attract tourists from all over the world. The capital Nairobi is located on the central-southern plateau at an altitude of more than 1,700 meters. The climate is mild and pleasant, with flowers blooming in all seasons. It is known as the "flower city under the sun". The port city of Mombasa is full of tropical style. Every year, hundreds of thousands of foreign tourists enjoy the coconut grove, sea breeze, white sand, and bright sunshine. The Great Rift Valley of East Africa, known as the "Great Scar of the Earth", runs like a knife and slashes through the entire territory of Kenya from north to south, intersecting with the equator. It is a great geographic wonder. Mount Kenya, the second highest peak in Central Africa, is the world-famous equatorial snow-capped mountain. The mountain is majestic and majestic, and the scenery is beautiful and peculiar. Kenya's name comes from this. Kenya also has the reputation of "Birds and Animals Paradise". The 59 national natural wildlife parks and nature reserves that account for 11% of the country's land area are paradise for many wild animals and birds. Bison, elephant, leopard, lion, and rhino are called the five major animals, and zebra, antelope, giraffe and other strange wild animals are countless.
Nairobi: Nairobi, the capital of Kenya, is located in the plateau region of south-central Kenya, at an altitude of 1,525 meters, and 480 kilometers southeast of the Indian Ocean port of Mombasa. It covers an area of 684 square kilometers and has a population of about 3 million (2004). It is the national political, economic and cultural center. Due to the influence of high latitude, Nairobi rarely exceeds 27°C in annual maximum temperature, and average rainfall is about 760-1270 mm. The seasons are distinct. From December to March of the following year, there are many northeast winds and the weather is sunny and warm; the rainy season is from March to May; and the southeast humid monsoon and overcast clouds occur from June to October. The highlands have periods of low temperature, fog and drizzle. The higher and western regions are covered with semi-deciduous forests, and the rest is grassland scattered with bushes.
Nairobi is located on a plateau at an altitude of 5,500 feet, with beautiful scenery and pleasant climate. About 8 kilometers away from the downtown area of Nairobi, there is the Nairobi National Park, which attracts hundreds of thousands of tourists from all over the world every year. This beautiful plateau city was still a wasteland more than 80 years ago. In 1891, Britain built a railway from the Mombasa Strait to Uganda. When the railway was halfway through, they set up a camp by a small river in the Asi grassland. This small river was once called Nairobi by the Kenyan Maasai people who graze here, which means "cold water". Later, the camp gradually developed into a small town. With the arrival of a large number of immigrants, the British colonial center also moved from Mombasa to Nairobi in 1907.
Nairobi is an important transportation hub in Africa, and the air routes across Africa pass here. Enkebesi Airport on the outskirts of the city is a large international airport. It has more than a dozen air routes and is connected to dozens of cities in 20 to 30 countries. Nairobi has direct railways and roads to Uganda and Tanzania's neighboring countries.