Romania BASIC INFOMATION
|LOCAL TIME||YOUR TIME|
|LOCAL TIME ZONE||TIMEZONE DIFFERENCE|
|UTC/GMT +2 HOURS|
|latitude / longitude|
|45°56'49"N / 24°58'49"E|
|RO / ROU|
|Romanian (official) 85.4%|
Romany (Gypsy) 1.2%
unspecified 6.1% (2011 est.)
TYPE C EUROPEAN 2-PIN|
TYPE F SCHUKO PLUG
|Romania banks list|
Romania covers an area of 238,400 square kilometers and is located in the northeastern part of the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. It is bordered by Ukraine and Moldova in the north and northeast, Bulgaria in the south, Serbia and Montenegro and Hungary in the southwest and northwest, and the Black Sea in the southeast. The terrain is peculiar and diverse, with plains, mountains, and hills each occupying about 1/3 of the country's land area. It has a temperate continental climate. Romania’s mountains and rivers are beautiful. The blue Danube, the majestic Carpathian Mountains and the gorgeous Black Sea are Romania’s three national treasures. |
Romania covers an area of 238,391 square kilometers. Located in the northeast of the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. It faces the Black Sea to the southeast. The terrain is peculiar and diverse, with plains, mountains, and hills each occupying about 1/3 of the country's territory. It has a temperate continental climate. Romania’s mountains and rivers are beautiful. The blue Danube, the majestic Carpathian Mountains and the gorgeous Black Sea are Romania’s three national treasures. The Danube River flows through the territory of Romania for 1,075 kilometers. Hundreds of large and small rivers meander across the territory, and most of them converge with the Danube to form a water system of "Hundred Rivers and Danube". The Danube not only irrigates fertile fields on both sides of the bank, but also provides abundant resources for Romania's power industry and fishery. The Carpathian Mountains, known as the backbone of Romania, stretch over 40% of Romania. There are dense forests and abundant forest resources. There are coal, iron, gold and other minerals underground. Romania borders the Black Sea, and the beautiful Black Sea beaches are famous tourist attractions. Constanta is a coastal city and port on the Black Sea, an important gateway to all continents and one of the national shipbuilding centers in Romania. It is known as the "Pearl of the Black Sea".
The ancestors of Romanians are Dacias. Around the 1st century BC, Brebesta established the first centralized Dacia slave country. After the country of Dacia was conquered by the Roman Empire in 106 AD, Dacia and Romans lived together and merged to form a Romanian nation. On December 30, 1947, the Romanian People's Republic was established. In 1965, the name of the country was changed to the Socialist Republic of Romania. In December 1989, it changed its name to Romania.
National flag: It is rectangular with a ratio of length to width of 3:2. It is composed of three parallel and equal vertical rectangles, which are blue, yellow, and red from left to right. Blue symbolizes the blue sky, yellow symbolizes abundant natural resources, and red symbolizes the bravery and sacrifice of the people.
The population of Romania is 21.61 million (January 2006), Romanians account for 89.5%, Hungarians account for 6.6%, Roma (also known as Gypsies) account for 2.5%, Germanic and Ukrainian each account for 0.3%, the remaining ethnic groups are Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Turkey, Tatar, etc. The proportion of urban population is 55.2%, and the proportion of rural population is 44.8%. The official language is Romanian, and the main national language is Hungarian. The main religions are Eastern Orthodox (86.7% of the total population), Roman Catholicism (5%), Protestantism (3.5%) and Greek Catholicism (1%).
The main mineral deposits in Romania include oil, natural gas, coal and bauxite, as well as gold, silver, iron, manganese, antimony, salt, uranium, lead, and mineral water. The hydropower resources are abundant, with reserves of 5.65 million kilowatts. The forest area is 6.25 million hectares, accounting for about 26% of the country's area. Many kinds of fish are produced in inland rivers and coastal areas. The main industrial sectors are metallurgy, petrochemical and machine manufacturing; the main industrial products are metal products, chemical products, machinery and mechanical equipment, etc. It is the largest oil producer in Central and Eastern Europe, with an annual output of 1.5 million tons of crude oil. The main agricultural products are grains, wheat, and corn, and animal husbandry is mainly breeding pigs, cattle, and sheep. The country’s agricultural area is 14.79 million hectares, including 9.06 million hectares of cultivated land. Romania is rich in tourism resources. The main tourist spots include Bucharest, the Black Sea coast, the Danube Delta, the northern part of Moldova, and the Central and Western Carpathians.
Bucharest: Bucharest (Bucharest) is the capital of Romania and the economic, cultural and transportation center of the country. It is located in the middle of the Wallachia Plain in southeastern Romania. The Danube River is a tributary of the Dambovica River. The jade belt runs through the urban area from the northwest, dividing the urban area into almost equal halves, and the river section in the city is 24 kilometers long. Twelve lakes parallel to the Dombovica River are connected one by one, like a string of pearls, nine of which are located in the north of the city. The city has a mild continental climate with an average temperature of 23°C in summer and -3°C in winter. The local water resources are abundant, the soil and climate conditions are suitable, the plants are luxuriant, and it is famous for its abundant green areas. The city has an area of 605 square kilometers (including suburbs) and a population of 1.93 million (January 2006).
Bucharest is "Bukursti" in Romanian alto, which means "City of Joy" ("Bukur" means joy). According to legend, in the 13th century, a shepherd named Bukkur drove his sheep from a remote mountain area to the Dombovica River. He found that the water and grass were plump and the climate was mild, so he settled down. Since then, more and more people have come to settle here, and commercial trade has become increasingly prosperous, and this settlement has gradually developed into a town. Today, a small church with a mushroom-shaped tower named after a shepherd stands on the banks of the Dambowicha River.
The whole city is hidden among poplars, weeping willows and linden trees, and there is green grass everywhere. The flower beds composed of roses and rose flowers are colorful and everywhere. The old town on the left bank of the Dombovica River is the main part of the city. Victory Square, Unirii Square and Victory Street, Balcescu Street and Maglu Street are the most prosperous areas in the city. New residential areas have been built around the city. Bucharest is the country's largest industrial center. The southern suburbs are the Belcheni Industrial Base, and the northern suburbs are the concentrated areas of the electronics industry. The main industrial sectors of the city include machinery, chemistry, metallurgy, textiles and clothing, and food processing.