El Salvador BASIC INFOMATION
|LOCAL TIME||YOUR TIME|
|LOCAL TIME ZONE||TIMEZONE DIFFERENCE|
|UTC/GMT -6 HOURS|
|latitude / longitude|
|13°47'48"N / 88°54'37"W|
|SV / SLV|
Nahua (among some Amerindians)
TYPE A NORTH AMERICAN JAPANESE 2-BLADE|
TYPE B AMERICAN 3-PIN
|El Salvador banks list|
El Salvador Introduction
El Salvador is the smallest and most densely populated country in Central America with a territorial area of 20,720 square kilometers. It is located in the northern part of Central America, bordered by Honduras in the east and north, the Pacific Ocean in the south, and Guatemala in the west and northwest. The terrain is dominated by mountains and plateaus, with many volcanoes. The Santa Ana active volcano is 2,385 meters above sea level, the highest peak in the country, with the Lempa Valley in the north and the narrow coastal plain in the south. Savanna climate. The mineral deposits include limestone, gypsum, gold, silver, etc., with rich geothermal and hydraulic resources. |
El Salvador, the full name of the Republic of El Salvador, has a territory of 20,720 square kilometers and is located in northern Central America. It borders Honduras to the east and north, Guatemala to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the south. The coastline is 256 kilometers long. Located in the center of the Central American volcanic belt, earthquakes are frequent, so it is known as the country of volcanoes. The Peck-Metapan Mountains in the Alote-Garonne Province in the north are the natural boundary between Sa and Hong. The southern coastal zone is a long and narrow plain with a width of 15-20 kilometers, followed by internal medicine parallel to the coastline. In the Dillera Mountains, the Santa Ana Volcano is 2381 meters above sea level, the highest peak in the country. The Isarco volcano on the Pacific coast is known as the lighthouse on the Pacific Ocean. The mountain basin in the middle is the political and economic center of El Salvador. The Lumpa River is the only navigable river, flowing through the territory for about 260 kilometers, forming the Lumpa Valley in the north. Most of the lakes are volcanic lakes. Located in the tropics, due to the complex terrain, there are obvious differences in the national climate. The coastal and lowland climates are hot and humid, and the mountain climates are cool.
It was originally the residence of the Mayan Indians. It became a Spanish colony in 1524. Independence was declared on September 15, 1821. Later it was part of the Mexican Empire. The Empire collapsed in 1823, and El Salvador joined the Central American Federation. After the dissolution of the Confederation in 1838, the republic was announced on February 18, 1841.
The national flag: It is a horizontal rectangle with a ratio of length to width of 9:5. From top to bottom, it is formed by connecting three parallel horizontal rectangles of blue, white and blue, with the national emblem pattern painted in the center of the white part. Because El Salvador was a member of the former Central American Federation, its flag color is the same as that of the former Central American Federation. Blue symbolizes the blue sky and ocean, and white symbolizes peace.
El Salvador has a population of 6.1 million (estimated in 1998), of which 89% are Indo-European, 10% are Indians and 1% are whites. Spanish is the official language. Most of the residents believe in Catholicism.
El Salvador is dominated by agriculture and has a weak industrial base. Coffee is the main pillar of the Salvadoran economy and a source of foreign exchange. El Salvador has oil, gold, silver, copper, iron, etc., and is also rich in geothermal and water resources. The forest area accounts for about 13.4% of the country's area.
Agriculture is the backbone of the national economy, mainly growing coffee, cotton and other cash crops. 80% of agricultural products are for export, accounting for about 80% of total foreign exchange income. The arable land area is 2.104 million hectares. The main industrial sectors include food processing, textiles, clothing, cigarettes, oil refining and automobile assembly. El Salvador has pleasant scenery, with volcanoes, plateau lakes and Pacific bathing beaches as the main tourist spots. The transportation is mainly highway. The total length of the highway is 12,164 kilometers, of which the Pan-American Expressway is 306 kilometers. The main ports for water transportation include Akahutra and La Libertad. The former is one of the important ports in Central America, with an annual throughput of 2.5 million tons. There is Ilopango International Airport near the capital, with international routes to the capitals of Central America, Mexico City, Miami and Los Angeles. El Salvador mainly exports coffee, cotton, sugar, etc., and imports consumer goods, oil and fuel. The main trading partners are the United States, Guatemala and Germany.