Madagascar BASIC INFOMATION
|LOCAL TIME||YOUR TIME|
|LOCAL TIME ZONE||TIMEZONE DIFFERENCE|
|UTC/GMT +3 HOURS|
|latitude / longitude|
|18°46'37"S / 46°51'15"E|
|MG / MDG|
TYPE C EUROPEAN 2-PIN|
|Madagascar banks list|
Madagascar is located in the southwestern part of the Indian Ocean, facing the African continent across the Mozambique Strait. It is the fourth largest island in the world with an area of 590,750 square kilometers and a coastline of 5,000 kilometers. The island is made of volcanic rock. The central part is the central plateau with an altitude of 800-1500 meters, the east is a belt-shaped lowland with many sand dunes and lagoons, and the west is a gently sloping plain, which gradually descends from the 500-meter low plateau to the coastal plain. The southeast coast has a tropical rainforest climate, which is hot and humid throughout the year, with no obvious seasonal changes; the central part has a tropical plateau climate, which is mild and cool, and the west has a tropical grassland climate with aridity and less rain. |
Madagascar, the full name of the Republic of Madagascar, is located in the southwest of the Indian Ocean, across the Mozambique Strait and the African continent. It is the fourth largest island in the world with an area of 590,750 square kilometers (including surrounding islands) and a coastline of 5000 kilometers. . The whole island is made of volcanic rock. The central part is the central plateau with an altitude of 800-1500 meters. The main peak of Mount Tsaratanana, Marumukutru Mountain, is 2,876 meters above sea level, the highest point in the country. The east is a belt-shaped lowland with sand dunes and lagoons. The west is a gently sloping plain, gradually descending from a low plateau of 500 meters to a coastal plain. There are four larger rivers, Betsibuka, Kiribishina, Manguki and Manguru. The southeast coast has a tropical rainforest climate, which is hot and humid throughout the year, with no obvious seasonal changes; the central part has a tropical plateau climate, which is mild and cool, and the west has a tropical grassland climate with aridity and less rain.
At the end of the 16th century, the Imelinas established the Imelina Kingdom in the middle of the island. In 1794, the Kingdom of Imelina developed into a centralized feudal country. In the early 19th century, the island was unified and the Kingdom of Madagascar was established. It became a French colony in 1896. It became an autonomous republic in the "French Community" on October 14, 1958. Independence was declared on June 26, 1960, and the Republic of Malagasy was established, also known as the First Republic. On December 21, 1975, the country was renamed the Democratic Republic of Madagascar, also known as the Second Republic. In August 1992, a national referendum was held to pass the "Constitution of the Third Republic" and the country was renamed the Republic of Madagascar.
National flag: It is rectangular with a ratio of length to width of 3:2. The side close to the flagpole is a white vertical rectangle, and the right side of the flag surface is two parallel horizontal rectangles with the upper red and the lower green. The three rectangles have the same area. White symbolizes purity, red symbolizes sovereignty, and green symbolizes hope.
The population is 18.6 million (2005). The national languages are English, French and Malagasy. 52% of residents believe in traditional religions, 41% believe in Christianity (Catholic and Protestant), and 7% believe in Islam.
Madagascar is one of the least developed countries recognized by the United Nations. In 2003, its per capita GDP was US$339, and the poor accounted for 75% of the total population. The economy is dominated by agriculture. More than two-thirds of the country's arable land is planted with rice, and other food crops include cassava and corn. The main cash crops are coffee, cloves, cotton, sisal, peanuts and sugar cane. Vanilla production and export volume rank first in the world. Madagascar is rich in minerals, with graphite reserves ranking first in Africa. The forest area is 123,000 square kilometers, accounting for 21% of the country's land area.