Morocco COUNTRY CODE +212

How to dial Morocco









latitude / longitude
31°47'32"N / 7°4'48"W
Dirham (MAD)
Arabic (official)
Berber languages (Tamazight (official)
French (often the language of business
and diplomacy)

National flag
MoroccoNational flag
banks list
Morocco banks list
446,550 KM2

Morocco Introduction

Morocco is picturesque and enjoys the reputation of "North African Garden". Covering an area of ​​459,000 square kilometers (excluding Western Sahara), it is located at the northwestern tip of Africa, bordered by Algeria in the east, the Sahara Desert in the south, the vast Atlantic Ocean in the west, and the Strait of Gibraltar to the north and Spain, strangling the Mediterranean Sea into the Atlantic Ocean. The terrain is complex, with the steep Atlas Mountains in the center and north, the Upper Plateau and the former Sahara Plateau in the east and south, and only the northwestern coastal area is a long, narrow and warm plain.

Morocco, the full name of the Kingdom of Morocco, covers an area of ​​459,000 square kilometers (excluding Western Sahara). Located at the northwestern tip of Africa, on the west by the vast Atlantic Ocean, facing Spain across the Strait of Gibraltar to the north, it guards the Atlantic Ocean's gateway to the Mediterranean. The terrain is complex, with the steep Atlas Mountains in the middle and north, the Upper Plateau and the former Sahara Plateau in the east and south, and only the northwestern coastal area is a long, narrow and warm plain. The highest peak, the Toubkal Mountains, is 4165 meters above sea level. The Um Raibia River is the largest river with a length of 556 kilometers, and the Draa River is the largest intermittent river with a length of 1,150 kilometers. The main rivers include the Muluya River and the Sebu River. The northern part has a Mediterranean climate, with hot and dry summers and mild and humid winters, with an average temperature of 12°C in January and 22-24°C in July. The precipitation is 300-800 mm. The central part belongs to the subtropical mountain climate, which is mild and humid, and the temperature varies with altitude. The annual average temperature in the piedmont area is about 20℃. The precipitation varies from 300 to 1400 mm. The east and south are desert climates, with an average annual temperature of about 20°C. The annual precipitation is less than 250 mm and less than 100 mm in the south. There is often dry and hot "Siroco Wind" in summer. As the Atlas Mountain, which runs diagonally across the entire territory, blocked the heat wave in the southern Sahara Desert, Morocco has a pleasant climate all year round, with luxuriant flowers and trees, and has earned the reputation of "a cool country under the scorching sun". Morocco is a picturesque country and enjoys the reputation of "North African Garden".

According to the decree on the adjustment of administrative divisions passed on September 10, 2003, it is divided into 17 regions, 49 provinces, 12 provincial cities, and 1547 municipalities.

Morocco is an ancient civilization with a long history, and it was once strong in history. The first residents living here were Berbers. It was dominated by Phoenician from the 15th century BC. It was ruled by the Roman Empire from the 2nd century BC to the 5th century AD, and occupied by the Byzantine Empire in the 6th century. The Arabs entered in the 7th century AD. And established the Arabian Kingdom in the 8th century. The current Allawi dynasty was established in 1660. Since the 15th century, Western powers have invaded successively. In October 1904, France and Spain signed an agreement to divide the sphere of influence in Morocco. On March 30, 1912, it became the "protector nation" of France. On November 27 of the same year, France and Spain signed the "Madrid Treaty", and the narrow area in the north and Ifni in the south were designated as Spanish protected areas. France recognized Moroccan independence in March 1956, and Spain also recognized Moroccan independence on April 7 of the same year and gave up its protected area in Morocco. The country was officially named the Kingdom of Morocco on August 14, 1957, and the Sultan was renamed the King.

National flag: It is rectangular with a ratio of length to width of 3:2. The flag ground is red, with a five-pointed star intersecting five green lines in the center. The red color comes from the early national flag of Morocco. There are two explanations for the green five-pointed star: First, green is the color favored by the descendants of Muhammad, and the five-pointed star symbolizes the people's belief in Islam; second, this pattern is Solomon's talisman to drive away diseases and avoid evil.

The total population of Morocco is 30.05 million (2006). Among them, Arabs account for about 80%, and Berbers account for about 20%. Arabic is the national language and French is commonly used. Believe in Islam. The Hassan II Mosque, completed in August 1993, is located on the Atlantic coast of Casablanca. The whole body is made of white marble. The minaret is 200 meters high, second only to the Mecca Mosque and the Azhar Mosque in Egypt. The third largest mosque in the world, the advanced equipment is second to none in the Islamic world.

Morocco is rich in mineral resources, among which phosphate reserves are the largest, reaching 110 billion tons, accounting for 75% of the world's reserves. Mining is a pillar industry of the Moroccan economy, and mineral exports account for 30% of all exports. Manganese, aluminum, zinc, iron, copper, lead, petroleum, anthracite, and oil shale are also abundant. The industry is underdeveloped, and the main sectors of industrial enterprises include: agricultural food processing, chemical medicine, textile and leather, mining and electromechanical metallurgical industries. The handicraft industry occupies an important position in the national economy. The main products are blankets, leather products, metal processed products, ceramics and wooden furniture. Agriculture accounts for 1/5 of GDP and 30% of export revenue. The agricultural population accounts for 57% of the national population. The main crops are barley, wheat, corn, fruits, vegetables, etc. Among them, citrus, olives and vegetables are exported to Europe and Arab countries in large quantities, earning a lot of foreign exchange for the country. Morocco has a coastline of more than 1,700 kilometers and is extremely rich in fishery resources. It is the largest fish producing country in Africa. Among them, the output of sardines accounts for more than 70% of the total fishing volume, and the export volume ranks first in the world.

Morocco is a world-famous tourist destination. Its numerous historical sites and fascinating natural scenery attract millions of tourists every year. The capital city of Rabat has charming scenery, and famous sights such as Udaya Castle, Hassan Mosque and Rabat Royal Palace are all located here. The ancient capital of Fez was the founding capital of Morocco's first dynasty, and is famous for its exquisite Islamic architectural art. In addition, the ancient city of Marrakech in North Africa, the "White Castle" Casablanca, the beautiful coastal city of Agadir and the northern port of Tangier are all tourist attractions that tourists yearn for. Tourism has become an important source of Moroccan economic income. In 2004, Morocco attracted 5.5165 million foreign tourists, and its tourism revenue reached US$3.63 billion.

Rabat: Rabat, the capital of Morocco, is located at the mouth of the Breregge River in the northwest, bordering the Atlantic Ocean. In the 12th century, the founder of the Mowahid dynasty, Abdul-Mumin, established a military fortress on the cape on the left bank of the estuary for an expedition, named Ribat-Fath, or Ribat for short. In Arabic, Ribat means "camp", Fath means "to expedition, open up", and Ribat-Fathe means "place of expedition". In the 1290s, the heyday of this dynasty, the monarch Jacob Mansour ordered the construction of the city, and then expanded it many times, gradually turning the military fortress into a city. Today it is called "Rabat", which evolved from "Ribat". It has a population of 628,000 (2005).

Rabat is composed of two closely connected sister cities, namely the new city of Rabat and the old city of Saale. Entering the new city, Western-style buildings and sophisticated residences in Arab ethnic style are hidden among the flowers and trees. There are trees on both sides of the street, and gardens in the middle of the street are everywhere. The palace, government agencies, and national institutions of higher learning are all located here. The old city of Saale is surrounded by red walls. There are many ancient Arab buildings and mosques in the city. The market is prosperous. The back streets and alleys are some handicraft workshops. The residents' life and production methods still retain a strong medieval style.

Casablanca: Casablanca is named after Spanish, which means "white house". Casablanca is the largest city in Morocco. The Hollywood movie "Casablanca" made this white city famous all over the world. Because "Casablanca" is so loud, not many people know the city's original name "DarelBeida". Casablanca is the largest port city in Morocco, bordering the Atlantic Ocean and 88 kilometers northeast of the capital Rabat.

500 years ago, this was the old city of Anfa, which was destroyed by the Portuguese in the mid-15th century. It was occupied by the Portuguese in 1575 and renamed "Casa Blanca". After the Portuguese retreated in 1755, the name was changed to Dal Beda. At the end of the 18th century, the Spaniards obtained the privilege of trading in this port, calling it Casablanca, which means "white palace" in Spanish. Occupied by France at the beginning of the 20th century, the name Darbeda was restored after Morocco became independent. But people still call it Casablanca.

The city is close to the Atlantic Ocean, with evergreen trees and a pleasant climate. Sometimes, the Atlantic Ocean and the sea are surging, but the water in the harbor is unhappy. The fine sand beaches stretching several tens of kilometers from north to south are the best natural swimming places. The hotels, restaurants and various entertainment facilities along the coast are hidden under neat rows of tall palm trees and orange trees, which have its unique and attractive features.