Tonga BASIC INFOMATION
|LOCAL TIME||YOUR TIME|
|LOCAL TIME ZONE||TIMEZONE DIFFERENCE|
|UTC/GMT +13 HOURS|
|latitude / longitude|
|18°30'32"S / 174°47'42"W|
|TO / TON|
|English and Tongan 87%|
Tongan (official) 10.7%
English (official) 1.2%
uspecified 0.03% (2006 est.)
TYPE I AUSTRALIAN PLUG|
|Tonga banks list|
Tonga speaks Tongan and English, and most of its residents believe in Christianity. Its capital is Nuku'alofa. Tonga covers an area of 699 square kilometers, also known as the Brotherhood Islands, in the western South Pacific, 650 kilometers west of Fiji, and 1,770 kilometers southwest of New Zealand. There are no rivers in the territory, with a tropical rain forest climate, rich fishery and forest resources, and basically no mineral resources. The Tonga archipelago is composed of three archipelagoes, Wavau, Hapai and Tongatabu, and includes 172 islands of varying sizes, of which only 36 are inhabited. |
Tonga is fully known as the Kingdom of Tonga, also known as the Brotherhood Islands, in the western South Pacific, 650 kilometers west of Fiji, and 1770 kilometers southwest of New Zealand. The Tonga archipelago is composed of three archipelagoes, Wavau, Hapai and Tongatabu, and includes 172 islands of varying sizes, of which only 36 are inhabited.
National flag: a horizontal rectangle with a ratio of length to width of 2:1. The flag is red, with a small white rectangle in the upper left corner with a red cross in it. Red symbolizes the blood shed by Christ, and the cross represents Christianity.
People settled here more than 3000 years ago. The Dutch invaded in the early 17th century. In the second half of the 18th century, British, Spanish and other colonists arrived. Christianity was introduced in the 19th century. It became a British protectorate in 1900. Independence on June 4, 1970 and became a member of the Commonwealth.
Tonga has a population of approximately 110,000 people (2005), 98% of which are Tongans (Polynesian race), the rest are Europeans, Asians and other Pacific Islanders. Chinese account for about the total population of Tonga. 6‰. Tongan and English are spoken. Most residents believe in Christianity.
Tonga’s main industries include the manufacture of small fishing boats, the manufacture of biscuits and instant noodles, the processing and packaging of edible coconut oil and solid fats, metal waste processing, and the assembly of solar water heaters. Industrial output value is about 5% of GDP. Agriculture and fisheries are the main economic pillars of Tonga and are also the main export industries. Tourism is one of the important sources of income for the Tang government. Tonga has beautiful scenery, pleasant climate, fresh air and unique folk customs, which has natural advantages for the development of tourism. However, due to relatively backward development capabilities and management, lack of cultural landscape, limited facilities and transportation conditions, and geographical location far away from the world’s major tourist sources such as North America and Europe, and the similarities with other South Pacific island countries’ natural landscapes, as well as tourism develop slowly.