Guatemala BASIC INFOMATION
|LOCAL TIME||YOUR TIME|
|LOCAL TIME ZONE||TIMEZONE DIFFERENCE|
|UTC/GMT -6 HOURS|
|latitude / longitude|
|15°46'34"N / 90°13'47"W|
|GT / GTM|
|Spanish (official) 60%|
Amerindian languages 40%
TYPE A NORTH AMERICAN JAPANESE 2-BLADE|
TYPE B AMERICAN 3-PIN
TYPE G BRITISH 3-PIN
TYPE I AUSTRALIAN PLUG
|Guatemala banks list|
Guatemala is one of the ancient Indian Mayan cultural centers. It is the country with the largest population and the highest proportion of indigenous inhabitants in Central America. Its official language is Spanish. In addition, there are 23 indigenous languages such as Maya. Most of the residents believe in Catholicism and the rest believe in Jesus. Guatemala covers an area of more than 108,000 square kilometers. It is located in the northern part of Central America, bordering Mexico, Belize, Honduras and El Salvador, bordering the Pacific Ocean to the south and the Gulf of Honduras in the Caribbean Sea to the east. |
Guatemala, the full name of the Republic of Guatemala, has a territory of more than 108,000 square kilometers and is located in northern Central America. It borders Mexico, Belize, Honduras and El Salvador. It faces the Pacific Ocean to the south and the Gulf of Honduras in the Caribbean Sea to the east. Two thirds of the whole territory are mountains and plateaus. There are the Cuchumatanes Mountains in the west, the Madre Mountains in the south, and a volcanic belt in the west and south. There are more than 30 volcanoes. The Tahumulco volcano is 4,211 meters above sea level, the highest peak in Central America. Earthquakes are frequent. There is Petten Lowland in the north. There is a long and narrow coastal plain on the Pacific coast. The main cities are mostly distributed in the southern mountain basin. Located in the tropics, the northern and eastern coastal plains have a tropical rainforest climate, and the southern mountains have a subtropical climate. The year is divided into two seasons, wet and dry, from May to October, and dry season from November to April. The annual precipitation is 2000-3000 mm in the northeast and 500-1000 mm in the south.
Guatemala is one of the ancient Indian Mayan cultural centers. It became a Spanish colony in 1524. In 1527, Spain set up a capitol in Danger, governing Central America except Panama. On September 15, 1821, he got rid of Spanish colonial rule and declared independence. It became part of the Mexican Empire from 1822 to 1823. Joined the Central American Federation in 1823. After the dissolution of the Federation in 1838, it became an independent state again in 1839. On March 21, 1847, Guatemala announced the establishment of a republic.
The national flag: It is rectangular with a ratio of length to width of 8:5. It consists of three parallel and equal vertical rectangles, with white in the middle and blue on both sides; the national emblem is painted in the center of the white rectangle. The colors of the national flag come from the colors of the former Central American Federation flag. Blue symbolizes the Pacific and Caribbean Seas, and white symbolizes the pursuit of peace.
The population of Guatemala is 10.8 million (1998). It is the country with the largest population and the highest proportion of indigenous people in Central America, with 53% of Indians, 45% of Indo-European mixed races, and 2% of whites. The official language is Spanish, and there are 23 native languages including Maya. Most of the residents believe in Catholicism, and the rest believe in Jesus.
Forests occupies half of the country's area, and Petten Lowlands are especially concentrated; they are rich in precious woods such as mahogany. The mineral deposits include lead, zinc, nickel, copper, gold, silver, and petroleum. The economy is dominated by agriculture. The main agricultural products are coffee, cotton, bananas, sugarcane, corn, rice, beans, etc. Food cannot be self-sufficient. In recent years, attention has been paid to cattle breeding and coastal fishing. Industries include mining, cement, sugar, textiles, flour, wine, tobacco, etc. The bulk of the output is coffee, banana, cotton, and sugar, and the input of daily industrial products, machinery, food, etc.