Macedonia BASIC INFOMATION
|LOCAL TIME||YOUR TIME|
|LOCAL TIME ZONE||TIMEZONE DIFFERENCE|
|UTC/GMT +1 HOURS|
|latitude / longitude|
|41°36'39"N / 21°45'5"E|
|MK / MKD|
|Macedonian (official) 66.5%|
Albanian (official) 25.1%
other 1.8% (2002 census)
TYPE C EUROPEAN 2-PIN|
TYPE F SCHUKO PLUG
|Macedonia banks list|
Macedonia covers an area of 25,713 square kilometers and is located in the middle of the Balkan Peninsula, bordering Bulgaria to the east, Greece to the south, Albania to the west, and Serbia and Montenegro to the north. Macedonia is a mountainous landlocked country. The main river is the Vardar River which runs through the north and the south. The capital Skopje is the largest city. The climate is mainly temperate continental climate. As a multi-ethnic country, most residents believe in the Orthodox Church, and the official language is Macedonian. |
Macedonia, the full name of the Republic of Macedonia, covers an area of 25,713 square kilometers. Located in the middle of the Balkan Peninsula, it is a mountainous landlocked country. It borders Bulgaria to the east, Greece to the south, Albania to the west, and Serbia and Montenegro (Yugoslavia) to the north. The climate is dominated by temperate continental climate. In most agricultural areas, the highest temperature in summer is 40℃, and the lowest temperature in winter is -30℃. The western part is affected by the Mediterranean climate. The average summer temperature is 27℃ and the annual average temperature is 10℃.
From the second half of the 10th century to 1018, Zamoiro established the first Macedonia. Since then, Macedonia has long been under the rule of Byzantium and Turkey. In the First Balkan War in 1912, Serbian, Bulgarian, and Greek armies occupied Macedonia. After the end of the Second Balkan War in 1913, Serbia, Bulgaria and Greece partitioned the Macedonian region. The part that belongs to Serbia geographically is called Vardar Macedonia, the part that belongs to Bulgaria is called Pirin Macedonia, and the part that belongs to Greece is called Aegean Macedonia. After the First World War, Vardar Macedonia was incorporated into the Kingdom of Serbia-Croatia-Slovenia. After the Second World War, Vardar Macedonia, formerly Serbia, became one of the constituent republics of the Yugoslav Federation, called the Republic of Macedonia. On November 20, 1991, Macedonia officially declared its independence. However, its independence has not been recognized by the international community because of Greece's opposition to the use of the name "Macedonia". On December 10, 1992, the Parliament of the Republic of Macedonia voted by a majority of members and agreed in principle to change the name of the Macedonian country to the "Republic of Macedonia (Skopje)". On April 7, 1993, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution accepting the Republic of Macedonia as a member of the United Nations. The name of the country is tentatively designated as "The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia".
National flag: It is a horizontal rectangle with a ratio of length to width of 2:1. The flag ground is red, with a golden sun in the middle, which emits eight rays of light.
Macedonia is a multi-ethnic country. In the total population of 2022547 (statistics in 2002), Macedonians account for about 64.18%, Albanians account for about 25.17%, and other ethnic minorities, Turkish, Gypsies and Serbia Clan etc. accounted for about 10.65%. Most of the residents believe in the Orthodox Church. The official language is Macedonian.
Before the disintegration of the Yugoslavian League, Macedonia was the poorest region in the country. After independence, due to the socialist economic transformation, regional turbulence, the UN’s economic sanctions on Serbia, and Greece’s Due to economic sanctions and the civil war in 2001, Macedonia’s economy stagnated and only began to gradually recover in 2002. So far, Macedonia is still one of the poorest countries in Europe.
Skopje: Skopje, the capital of Macedonia, is the capital of the Republic of Macedonia and an important transportation link between the Balkans and the Aegean Sea and the Adriatic Sea hub. The Vardar River, the largest river in Macedonia, runs through the city, and there are roads and railways along the valley that go straight to the Aegean Sea.
Skopje has an important strategic position. It has been a land contended by military strategists, and different ethnic groups live here. Since the Roman emperor used it as the capital of Dardanya in the fourth century AD, It has been ravaged by wars many times. There have also been severe natural disasters here: in 518 AD, the earthquake destroyed the city; the great earthquake in 1963 caused serious damage to the reconstruction and development of Skopje after liberation. . But today, the reconstructed city of Skopje is full of tall buildings and neat streets.