Moldova BASIC INFOMATION
|LOCAL TIME||YOUR TIME|
|LOCAL TIME ZONE||TIMEZONE DIFFERENCE|
|UTC/GMT +2 HOURS|
|latitude / longitude|
|46°58'46"N / 28°22'37"E|
|MD / MDA|
|Moldovan 58.8% (official; virtually the same as the Romanian language)|
Gagauz 3.1% (a Turkish language)
TYPE B AMERICAN 3-PIN|
TYPE C EUROPEAN 2-PIN
|Moldova banks list|
Moldova is located in central Europe. It is a landlocked country with an area of 33,800 square kilometers. Most of its territory lies between the Prut and Transnistria rivers. It borders Romania to the west and Ukraine to the north, east and south. It is located in a plain, with undulating hills, valleys and valleys, with an average elevation of 147 meters. The central part is the Cordela Highland, the northern and central parts are forest-steppe belts, and the southern part is a vast grassland with a temperate continental climate. The groundwater resources are abundant, the forest area covers 40% of the national territory, and two-thirds of the land is chernozem. |
Moldova, the full name of the Republic of Moldova, is located in central Europe and is a landlocked country with an area of 33,800 square kilometers. Most of the land lies between the Prut and Dniester rivers. It borders Romania to the west, and Ukraine to the north, east and south. It is located in a plain, with undulating hills, valleys and valleys, with an average elevation of 147 meters. The central part is the Cordela Highland; the northern and central parts belong to the forest-steppe belt, and the southern part is a vast grassland. The highest point is the Balanesht Mountain in the west, 430 meters above sea level. There are many rivers but most of them are short. The Transnistria and Prut are the two major rivers in the territory. The groundwater resources are abundant. The forest covers 40% of the national territory, and two-thirds of the land is chernozem. It has a temperate continental climate. The average temperature is -3℃ to -5℃ in January and 19℃ to 22℃ in July.
The country is divided into 10 counties, 2 autonomous regions (where the status of the administrative region on the left bank of the Transnistria has not changed), and 1 municipality (Chisinau).
The ancestors of the Moldovans are Dacias. From the 13th to the 14th century AD, the Dacias gradually divided into three groups: Moldovans, Wallachians and Transylvanians. In 1359, the Moldovans established an independent feudal duchy and later became a vassal of the Ottoman Empire. In 1600, the three principalities of Moldova, Wallachia and Transylvania achieved a brief reunification. In 1812, Russia included part of Moroccan territory (Bessarabia) into Russian territory. In January 1859, Moldova and Wallachia merged to form Romania. In 1878, South Bessarabia once again belonged to Russia. Moldova declared independence in January 1918 and merged with Romania in March. In June 1940, the Soviet Union put it on the territory again and became one of the 15 Soviet republics. After the disintegration of the Soviet Union, Moldova declared independence on August 27, 1991. On December 21 of the same year, Morocco joined the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).
National flag: It is a horizontal rectangle with a ratio of length to width of about 2:1. From left to right, it consists of three vertical rectangles: blue, yellow and red, with the national emblem painted in the middle. Moldova became a republic of the former Soviet Union in 1940. Since 1953, it has adopted a red flag with a five-pointed star, sickle, and hammer pattern with a wide green strip across the flag. In June 1990, the country was renamed the Moldovan Soviet Socialist Republic, and the above-mentioned new national flag was used on November 3. The country was renamed the Republic of Moldova on May 23, 1991.
Moldova has a population of 3.9917 million (December 2005, excluding the population of the "De Zuo" area). Moldovan ethnic group accounts for 65%, Ukrainian ethnic group 13%, Russian ethnic group 13%, Gagauz ethnic group 3.5%, Bulgarian ethnic group 2%, Jewish ethnic group 2%, and other ethnic groups 1.5%. The official language is Moldovan, and Russian is commonly used. Most people believe in the Orthodox Church.
Moldova is a country dominated by agriculture, and its agricultural output value accounts for about 50% of its gross domestic product. In 2001, the economy experienced recovery growth. The main resources are building materials, monetite, lignite, etc. There are abundant groundwater resources, with approximately 2,200 natural springs. The forest coverage rate is 9%, and the main tree species are tussah, Qianjin elm, and Shuiqinggang tree. Wild animals include roe, fox and muskrat. Moldova's food industry is relatively developed, mainly including wine brewing, meat processing and sugar manufacturing. Light industry mainly includes cigarettes, textiles and shoemaking. 35% of its foreign exchange income depends on wine exports.
Chisinau: Chisinau (Chisinau/kishinev), the capital of Moldova, is located in the middle of Moldova, on the banks of the Baker, a tributary of the Transnistria. It has a history of more than 500 years and has a population 791.9 thousand (January 2006). The average temperature is -4℃ in January and 20.5℃ in July.
Chisinau was first recorded in 1466. It was ruled by Stefan III (Grand Duke) in the early period and later belonged to Turkey. During the Russian-Turkish war in 1788, Chisinau was severely damaged. Chisinau was ceded to Russia in 1812, and then belonged to Romania after World War I, and returned to the Soviet Union in 1940. On August 27, 1991, Moldova became independent and Chisinau became the capital of Moldova.
Chisinau suffered severe losses during World War II. Among the main ancient buildings in the city, only the cathedral and the Triumphal Arch built in 1840 remain in their original appearance. Some modern buildings were built after the war. The streets in the city are wide and clean. Many buildings are made of pure white stones. They are novel in style and different in shape. They are particularly elegant against the sycamore and chestnut trees. Therefore, they are known as "white city, stone flower" . Many statues of celebrities stand in the square and the garden in the middle of the street. The great Russian poet Pushkin was also exiled here.
The climate in Chisinau is warm and humid, with plenty of sunshine and lush trees. There is no smoke and noise common in industrial cities, and the environment is very peaceful and beautiful. On both sides of the highway from the city to the airport, a number of exquisite farmhouses are scattered among the fields, full of vast green fields and endless vineyards.
Chisinau is the industrial center of Moldova. It produces measuring tools, machine tools, tractors, water pumps, refrigerators, washing machines and insulated wires. There are brewing, milling and tobacco processing industries, as well as clothing and shoemaking. plant. In addition to a comprehensive university in the city, there are also engineering colleges, agricultural colleges, medical schools, teachers colleges, art colleges and several scientific research institutions. In addition, there are numerous theaters, museums and tourist hotels.