Mozambique BASIC INFOMATION
|LOCAL TIME||YOUR TIME|
|LOCAL TIME ZONE||TIMEZONE DIFFERENCE|
|UTC/GMT +2 HOURS|
|latitude / longitude|
|18°40'13"S / 35°31'48"E|
|MZ / MOZ|
Portuguese (official) 10.7%
other Mozambican languages 30.1%
other 4% (1997 census)
TYPE C EUROPEAN 2-PIN|
TYPE F SCHUKO PLUG
TYPE M SOUTH AFRICAN PLUG
|Mozambique banks list|
Mozambique covers an area of 801,600 square kilometers. It is located in southeastern Africa, with South Africa and Swaziland to the south, Zimbabwe, Zambia, and Malawi to the west, Tanzania to the north and the Indian Ocean to the east. It faces Madagascar across the Mozambique Strait and has a coastline of 2,630. Kilometers. Plateaus and mountains account for about 3/5 of the country's area, and the rest are plains. The terrain is roughly divided into three steps from northwest to southeast: the northwest is a plateau mountain, the middle is a platform, and the southeast coast is a plain. It is one of the largest plains in Africa. |
Mozambique, the full name of the Republic of Mozambique, is located in southeastern Africa, with South Africa and Swaziland to the south, Zimbabwe, Zambia, and Malawi to the west, Tanzania to the north, and the Indian Ocean to the east, separated by the Mozambique Strait and Madagascar Facing each other. The coastline is 2,630 kilometers long. Plateaus and mountains account for about 3/5 of the country's area, and the rest are plains. The terrain is roughly divided into three steps from northwest to southeast: the northwest is a plateau mountain with an average elevation of 500-1000 meters, of which Binga Mountain is 2436 meters high, the highest point in the country; the middle is a terrace with a height of 200-500 meters; The southeast coast is a plain with an average elevation of 100 meters, making it one of the largest plains in Africa. Zambia, Limpopo and Save are the three main rivers. Lake Malawi is the boundary lake between Mo and Malawi.
Mozambique has a long history. As early as the 13th century, the prosperous Monomotapa Kingdom was established. At the beginning of the 16th century, Mozambique was invaded by Portuguese colonists. In the 18th century, Mozambique became the "protector nation" of Portugal and became the "overseas province" of Portugal in 1951. Since the 1960s, the Mozambican people have waged a tenacious struggle to get rid of colonial rule. On June 25, 1975, Mozambique declared its independence. After independence, the Mozambican resistance movement has been engaged in anti-government activities for a long time, which plunged Mozambique into a 16-year civil war. In November 1990, the country was renamed the Republic of Mozambique.
National flag: It is rectangular with a ratio of length to width of 3:2. On the side of the flagpole is a red isosceles triangle with a yellow five-pointed star, an open book, and crossed rifles and hoes. On the right side of the flag, there are parallel wide strips of green, black, and yellow. The black wide strip has a thin white strip on top and bottom. Green symbolizes agriculture and wealth, black represents the African continent, yellow symbolizes underground resources, white symbolizes the justice of the people’s struggle and the cause of peace to be established, and red symbolizes the armed struggle and revolution for national liberation. The yellow five-pointed star represents the spirit of internationalism, the book symbolizes culture and education, and the rifle and hoes symbolize the unity of the working people and the armed forces and their joint defense and construction of the motherland.
The population is about 19.4 million (2004). The main ethnic groups are Makua-Lom'ai, Shona-Kalanga and Shangjana. The official language is Portuguese, and all major ethnic groups have their own languages. Residents mostly believe in Christianity, primitive religion and Islam.
At the end of the civil war in October 1992, Mozambique’s economy was dying, with a per capita income of less than US$50 and was listed by the United Nations as one of the least developed countries in the world. With the adoption of a series of effective economic development measures by the Mozambican government, the Mozambican economy has recovered and achieved relatively rapid development. At present, the Mozambican government has stepped up privatization efforts, improved the investment environment, and the economy continues to grow.
Mozambique has rich mineral resources, mainly including tantalum, coal, iron, copper, titanium and natural gas. Among them, tantalum reserves rank first in the world, with coal reserves exceeding 10 billion tons and titanium over 6 million Tons, most of the mineral deposits have not yet been mined. In addition, Mozambique is rich in hydropower resources. The Cabra Bassa Hydropower Station on the Zambezi River has an installed capacity of 2.075 million kilowatts, making it the largest power station in Africa. Mozambique is an agricultural country with 80% of the population engaged in agriculture. In addition to corn, rice, soybeans and other food crops, its main cash crops are cashew nuts, cotton, sugar, etc. Cashew nuts are the mainstay crop, and its output once reached one-half of the world's total output. In recent years, with the establishment and commissioning of large-scale joint ventures such as Mozambique's aluminum plant, Mozambique's industrial output value as a percentage of GDP has risen sharply.