Oman BASIC INFOMATION
|LOCAL TIME||YOUR TIME|
|LOCAL TIME ZONE||TIMEZONE DIFFERENCE|
|UTC/GMT +4 HOURS|
|latitude / longitude|
|21°31'0"N / 55°51'33"E|
|OM / OMN|
TYPE G BRITISH 3-PIN|
|Oman banks list|
Oman covers an area of 309,500 square kilometers. It is located in the southeast of the Arabian Peninsula, bordered by the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, Saudi Arabia to the west, the Republic of Yemen to the southwest, and the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Sea to the northeast and southeast. The coastline is 1,700 kilometers long. Most of the territory is a plateau with an altitude of 200-500 meters. The northeast is the Hajar Mountains. Its main peak, Sham Mountain, is 3,352 meters above sea level, which is the highest peak in the country. The center is plain and deserted, and the southwest is the Dhofar Plateau. Except for the mountains in the northeast, all have a tropical desert climate. |
Oman, the full name of the Sultanate of Oman, is located in the southeast of the Arabian Peninsula, the United Arab Emirates in the northwest, Saudi Arabia in the west, and the Republic of Yemen in the southwest. The northeast and southeast border the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Sea. The coastline is 1,700 kilometers long. Most of the territory is a plateau with an altitude of 200-500 meters. To the northeast is the Hajar Mountains. Its main peak, Sham Mountain, is 3,352 meters above sea level, which is the highest peak in the country. The central part is a plain with many deserts. The southwest is the Dhofar Plateau. Except for the mountains in the northeast, all belong to the tropical desert climate. The whole year is divided into two seasons. May to October is the hot season, with temperatures as high as 40℃; November to April of the following year is the cool season, with temperatures around 24℃. The average annual rainfall is 130 mm.
Oman is one of the oldest countries in the Arabian Peninsula. In ancient times, it was called Marken, meaning the country of minerals. In 2000 BC, sea and land trade activities were extensively carried out, and it became the shipbuilding center of the Arabian Peninsula. It became part of the Arab Empire in the 7th century. It was ruled by Portugal from 1507-1649. The Persians invaded in 1742. The Said Dynasty was established in 1749. At the beginning of the 19th century, Britain forced Oman to accept a slavery treaty and control the Arab trade. At the beginning of the 20th century, the Islamic State of Oman was established and attacked Muscat. In 1920, Britain and Muscat signed the "Treaty of Seeb" with the State of Oman, recognizing the independence of the State of Imam. Oman is divided into the Sultanate of Muscat and the Islamic State of Oman. Before 1967, Sultan Taimur unified the entire territory of Azerbaijan and established Muscat and the Sultanate of Oman. Qaboos came to power on July 23, 1970, and on August 9 of the same year, the country was renamed the Sultanate of Oman.
The national flag is rectangular, with a ratio of length to width of about 3:2. It is composed of red, white and green. The red part forms a horizontal "T"-shaped pattern on the flag surface. The upper right side is white and the lower part is green. The yellow Oman national emblem is painted on the upper left corner of the flag. Red symbolizes auspiciousness and is the traditional color loved by the Omani people; white symbolizes peace and purity; green represents the earth.
The population of Oman is 2.5 million (2001). The vast majority are Arabs, in Muscat and Materach, there are also foreigners such as India and Pakistan. The official language is Arabic, general English. The vast majority of residents in this country believe in Islam, and 90% of them belong to the Ibadi sect.
Oman began to exploit oil in the 1960s, and has proven oil reserves of nearly 720 million tons and natural gas reserves of 33.4 trillion cubic feet. Rich in aquatic resources. The industry started late and its foundation is weak. At present, oil exploitation is still the main focus, and oil and gas fields are mainly distributed in the Gobi and desert areas in the northwest and south. Industrial projects are mainly petrochemical, ironmaking, fertilizers, etc. About 40% of the population is engaged in agriculture, animal husbandry and fishery. There are 101,350 hectares of arable land in the country, and 61,500 hectares of arable land are mainly grown for fruits and vegetables such as dates, lemons and bananas. The main food crops are wheat, barley, and sorghum, and they cannot be self-sufficient. Fishery is Oman’s traditional industry and one of the main sources of Oman’s export income from non-oil products. It is more than self-sufficient.