Papua New Guinea BASIC INFOMATION
|LOCAL TIME||YOUR TIME|
|LOCAL TIME ZONE||TIMEZONE DIFFERENCE|
|UTC/GMT +10 HOURS|
|latitude / longitude|
|6°29'17"S / 148°24'10"E|
|PG / PNG|
|Tok Pisin (official)|
Hiri Motu (official)
some 836 indigenous languages spoken (about 12% of the world's total); most languages have fewer than 1
TYPE I AUSTRALIAN PLUG|
|Papua New Guinea banks list|
Papua New Guinea Introduction
Papua New Guinea covers an area of more than 460,000 square kilometers. It is located in the southwest Pacific Ocean. It borders Indonesia's Irian Jaya Province to the west and Australia across the Torres Strait to the south. It consists of New Guinea in the north and Papua in the south, including the eastern part of New Guinea and more than 600 islands such as Bougainville, New Britain, and New Ireland. The coastline is 8,300 kilometers in length. Above 1,000 meters above sea level, it belongs to mountain climate, and the rest belong to tropical rain forest climate. |
Papua New Guinea is located in the southwest Pacific Ocean, with Indonesia's Irian Jaya Province to the west and Australia across the Torres Strait to the south. It is composed of New Guinea in the north and Papua in the south, including more than 600 islands in the east of New Guinea (Irian Island) and Bougainville, New Britain, and New Ireland. The coastline is 8,300 kilometers long. Above 1,000 meters above sea level, it belongs to mountain climate, and the rest belong to tropical rain forest climate.
National flag: It is rectangular with a ratio of length to width of 4:3. The diagonal line from the upper left corner to the lower right corner divides the flag surface into two equal triangles. The upper right is red with a flying yellow bird of paradise; the lower left is black with five white five-pointed stars, one of which is smaller. Red symbolizes bravery and bravery; bird of paradise, also known as bird of paradise, is a bird unique to Papua New Guinea, symbolizing the country, national independence, freedom and happiness; black represents the country's territory in the "black islands"; the arrangement of five stars symbolizes the position Southern Cross (one of the small southern constellations, although the constellation is small, but there are many bright stars), indicating that the country is located in the southern hemisphere.
People settled in the highlands of New Guinea in 8000 BC. The Portuguese discovered the island of New Guinea in 1511. In 1884, Britain and Germany divided the eastern half of New Guinea and nearby islands. In 1906, British New Guinea was handed over to Australia for management and was renamed the Australian Territory of Papua. In the First World War, the Australian army occupied the German part. On December 17, 1920, the League of Nations decided to entrust Australia to manage; New Guinea was once occupied by the Japanese during World War II. After the war, the United Nations entrusted Australia to continue to manage the German part. In 1949, Australia merged the former British and German parts into one administrative unit. , Called "Papua New Guinea Territory". Internal autonomy was implemented on December 1, 1973. Independence on September 16, 1975, became a member of the Commonwealth.
Papua New Guinea has a population of 5.9 million (2005), with an annual growth rate of 2.7% (2005). The urban population accounts for 15% and the rural population accounts for 85%. 98% are Melanesians, the rest are Micronesian, Polynesian, Chinese and white. The official language is English, and there are more than 820 local languages. Pidgin is popular in most parts of the country. In Papua in the south, Motu is more spoken, and Pidgin is more spoken in New Guinea in the north. 95% of the residents are Christians. Traditional fetishism also has a certain influence.
Papua New Guinea has a rich natural landscape, here is a paradise for coral reefs, 450 coral species are eye-opening. In addition, the unique culture of the indigenous people is also one of the characteristics of Papua New Guinea attracting tourists. One of the more famous is the masks of gods carved by the locals, which are used in sacrifices and dances.