Thailand BASIC INFOMATION
|LOCAL TIME||YOUR TIME|
|LOCAL TIME ZONE||TIMEZONE DIFFERENCE|
|UTC/GMT +7 HOURS|
|latitude / longitude|
|13°2'11"N / 101°29'32"E|
|TH / THA|
|Thai (official) 90.7%|
TYPE A NORTH AMERICAN JAPANESE 2-BLADE|
TYPE C EUROPEAN 2-PIN
|Thailand banks list|
Thailand covers an area of more than 513,000 square kilometers. It is located in the central and southern Indochina Peninsula in Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand in the southeast, the Andaman Sea in the southwest, bordering Myanmar to the west and northwest, bordering Laos to the northeast and Cambodia in the southeast. It extends to the Malay Peninsula and connects with Malaysia. Its narrow part lies between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean and has a tropical monsoon climate. Thailand is a multi-ethnic country. Buddhism is the state religion of Thailand and is dubbed the "Yellow Pao Buddha Kingdom". |
Thailand, the full name of the Kingdom of Thailand, has an area of more than 513,000 square kilometers. Thailand is located in the south-central Asia of the Indochina Peninsula, bordering the Gulf of Thailand (Pacific Ocean) to the southeast, the Andaman Sea (Indian Ocean) to the southwest, Myanmar to the west and northwest, Laos to the northeast, and Cambodia to the southeast. The territory extends southward along the Kra Isthmus To the Malay Peninsula, it is connected to Malaysia, and its narrow part lies between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. tropical monsoon climate. The year is divided into three seasons: hot, rain and dry. The average annual temperature is 24～30℃.
The country is divided into five regions: central, southern, eastern, northern and northeastern. There are currently 76 prefectures. The government consists of counties, districts and villages. Bangkok is the only municipality at the provincial level.
Thailand has more than 700 years of history and culture, and it was originally called Siam. The Sukhothai dynasty was established in 1238 AD and began to form a more unified country. Successively experienced the Sukhothai Dynasty, Ayutthaya Dynasty, Thonburi Dynasty and Bangkok Dynasty. Since the 16th century, it has been invaded by colonialists such as Portugal, the Netherlands, Britain, and France. At the end of the 19th century, the fifth king of Bangkok dynasty absorbed a large amount of Western experience to carry out social reforms. In 1896, Britain and France signed a treaty stipulating that Siam was a buffer state between British Burma and French Indochina, making Siam the only country in Southeast Asia that did not become a colony. A constitutional monarchy was established in 1932. It was renamed Thailand in June 1939, which means "land of freedom". Occupied by Japan in 1941, Thailand announced its accession to the Axis powers. The name of Siam was restored in 1945. It was renamed Thailand in May 1949.
National flag: It is rectangular, with a ratio of length to width of 3:2. It consists of five horizontal rectangles in red, white and blue arranged in parallel. The top and bottom are red, the blue is centered, and the blue top and bottom are white. The blue width is equal to the width of two red or two white rectangles. Red represents the nation and symbolizes the strength and dedication of the people of all ethnic groups. Thailand regards Buddhism as the state religion, and white represents religion and symbolizes the purity of religion. Thailand is a constitutional monarchy country, the king is supreme, and blue represents the royal family. The blue in the center symbolizes the royal family among the people of all ethnic groups and pure religion.
The total population of Thailand is 63.08 million (2006). Thailand is a multi-ethnic country composed of more than 30 ethnic groups. Among them, the Thai people account for 40% of the total population, the old people account for 35%, the Malays account for 3.5%, and the Khmer people account for 2%. There are also mountain ethnic groups such as Miao, Yao, Gui, Wen, Karen and Shan. Thai is the national language. Buddhism is the state religion of Thailand. More than 90% of the residents believe in Buddhism. The Malays believe in Islam, and a few believe in Protestantism, Catholicism, Hinduism and Sikhism. For hundreds of years, Thai customs, literature, art and architecture have almost all been closely related to Buddhism. When you travel to Thailand, you can see monks wearing yellow robes and magnificent temples everywhere. Therefore, Thailand has the reputation of "Yellow Pao Buddha Kingdom". Buddhism has shaped moral standards for Thais, and has formed a spiritual style that advocates tolerance, tranquility and love for peace.
As a traditional agricultural country, agricultural products are one of Thailand’s main sources of foreign exchange income, mainly producing rice, corn, cassava, rubber, sugar cane, mung beans, hemp, tobacco, coffee beans, cotton, palm oil, and coconuts. Fruit etc. The country's arable land area is 20.7 million hectares, accounting for 38% of the country's land area. Thailand is a world-renowned rice producer and exporter. Rice exports are one of Thailand’s main sources of foreign exchange income, and its exports account for about one-third of the world’s rice transactions. Thailand is also Asia's third largest marine producing country after Japan and China, and the world's largest shrimp producing country.
Thailand is rich in natural resources and its rubber production ranks first in the world. Forest resources, fishery resources, oil, natural gas, etc. are also the basis for its economic development, with a forest coverage rate of 25%. Thailand is rich in durians and mangosteens, which are known as "king of fruits" and "after fruits". Tropical fruits such as lychee, longan and rambutan are also famous all over the world. The proportion of manufacturing in Thailand's national economy has been increasing, and it has become the industry with the largest proportion and one of the main export industries. The main industrial sectors are: mining, textiles, electronics, plastics, food processing, toys, automobile assembly, building materials, petrochemicals, etc.
Thailand is rich in tourism resources. It has always been known as the "land of smiles". There are more than 500 attractions. The main tourist attractions are Bangkok, Phuket, Pattaya, Chiang Mai and Pattaya. A number of new tourist spots such as Lai, Hua Hin and Koh Samui have developed rapidly. Attracts many foreign tourists.
Bangkok: Bangkok, the capital of Thailand, is located on the lower reaches of the Chao Phraya River and 40 kilometers away from the Gulf of Siam. It is the center of politics, economy, culture, education, transportation and the largest city in the country. The population is about 8 million. Thais call Bangkok the "Military Post", which means "City of Angels". Translated its full name in Thai into Latin, with a length of 142 letters, which means: "City of Angels, Great City, Residence of the Jade Buddha, Impregnable City, World Metropolis Given Nine Jewels" etc. .
In 1767, Bangkok gradually formed some small markets and residential areas. In 1782, the Bangkok dynasty Rama I moved the capital from Thonburi west of the Chao Phraya River to Bangkok in the east of the river. During the reign of King Rama II and King III (1809-1851), many Buddhist temples were built in the city. During the Rama V period (1868-1910), most of Bangkok’s city walls were demolished and roads and bridges were built. In 1892, a tram was opened in Bangkok. Ramalongkorn University was established in 1916. In 1937, Bangkok was divided into two cities, Bangkok and Thonlib. After the Second World War, cities developed rapidly and their population and area increased greatly. In 1971, the two cities merged into the Bangkok-Thonburi Metropolitan Area, known as Greater Bangkok.
Bangkok is full of flowers all the year round, colorful and colorful. The "three tops" Thai-style houses are typical buildings in Bangkok. Sanpin Street is a place where Chinese people gather and is called the real Chinatown. After more than 200 years of development, it has become the largest and most prosperous market in Thailand.
In addition to historical sites, Bangkok also has many modern buildings and tourist facilities. Therefore, Bangkok attracts a large number of tourists every year and has become one of the most prosperous cities in Asia for tourism. Bangkok Port is the largest deep-water port in Thailand and one of Thailand's famous rice export ports. Don Mueang International Airport is one of the international airports with the largest traffic volume in Southeast Asia.