Gambia BASIC INFOMATION
|LOCAL TIME||YOUR TIME|
|LOCAL TIME ZONE||TIMEZONE DIFFERENCE|
|UTC/GMT 0 HOURS|
|latitude / longitude|
|13°26'43"N / 15°18'41"W|
|GM / GMB|
other indigenous vernaculars
TYPE G BRITISH 3-PIN|
|Gambia banks list|
Gambia is a Muslim country. 90% of its residents believe in Islam. Every January, there is a large festival Ramadan and many Muslims rush to the holy city of Mecca to worship. The Gambia covers an area of 10,380 square kilometers. It is located in western Africa, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and has a coastline of 48 kilometers. The whole territory is a long and narrow plain that cuts into the territory of the Republic of Senegal, and the Gambia River runs from east to west and flows into the Atlantic Ocean. The Gambia is divided into rainy season and dry season. The groundwater resources are clean and abundant, and the groundwater level is relatively high, only about 5 meters from the surface. |
The Gambia, the full name of the Republic of Gambia, is located in western Africa, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and has a coastline of 48 kilometers. The whole territory is a long and narrow plain, cutting into the territory of the Republic of Senegal. The Gambia River runs from east to west and flows into the Atlantic Ocean.
The population of Gambia is 1.6 million (2006). The main ethnic groups are: Mandingo (42% of the population), Fula (also known as Pall, 16%), Wolof (16%), Jura (10%) and Sairahuri (9%). The official language is English, and the national languages include Mandingo, Wolof, and non-literal Fula (also known as Pall) and Serahuri. 90% of the residents believe in Islam, and the rest believe in Protestantism, Catholicism and fetishism.
At the end of the 16th century, British colonists invaded. In 1618 the British established a colonial stronghold on James Island at the mouth of the Gambia. At the end of the 17th century, French colonists also arrived on the north bank of the Gambia River. In the next 100 years, Britain and France have waged wars for the Gambia and Senegal. In 1783, "The Treaty of Versailles" placed the banks of the Gambia River under Britain and Senegal under France. Britain and France reached an agreement in 1889 to delineate the border of the present-day Gambia. In 1959, Britain convened the Gambia Constitutional Conference and agreed to the establishment of a "semi-autonomous government" in Gambia. In 1964, Britain agreed to the independence of Gambia on February 18, 1965. On April 24, 1970, the Gambia announced the establishment of a republic.
National flag: It is rectangular with a ratio of length to width of 3:2. From top to bottom, it is composed of three parallel horizontal rectangles of red, blue, and green. There is a white strip at the junction of blue, red and green. Red symbolizes sunshine; blue symbolizes love and loyalty, and also represents the Gambia River that traverses the east and west of the country; green symbolizes tolerance and also symbolizes agriculture; two white bars represent purity, peace, observance of the law, and the Gambians' friendly feelings for the people of the world.