Sao Tome and Principe BASIC INFOMATION
|LOCAL TIME||YOUR TIME|
|LOCAL TIME ZONE||TIMEZONE DIFFERENCE|
|UTC/GMT 0 HOURS|
|latitude / longitude|
|0°51'46"N / 6°58'5"E|
|ST / STP|
|Portuguese 98.4% (official)|
Cabo Verdian 8.5%
other (including sign language) 2.4%
TYPE B AMERICAN 3-PIN|
|Sao Tome and Principe banks list|
Sao Tome and Principe Introduction
Sao Tome and Principe is located in the southeast of the Gulf of Guinea in western Africa, 201 kilometers away from the African continent. It is composed of the two large islands of Sao Tome and Principe and the nearby Carlosso, Pedras, and Tinhosas It is composed of 14 islands including Rollas. It covers an area of 1001 square kilometers and the coastline is 220 kilometers long. The two islands of Saint and Príncipe are volcanic islands with rugged terrain and mountainous peaks. Except for the coastal plain, most of the islands are basalt mountains. It has a tropical rain forest climate, hot and humid all year round. |
Sao Tome and Principe, the full name of the Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe, is located in the southeast of the Gulf of Guinea in western Africa, 201 kilometers away from the African continent, and is composed of Sao Tome and Principe The Big Island and the nearby islands of Carlosso, Pedras, Tinhosas and Rollas are composed of 14 small islands. The area is 1001 square kilometers (Sao Tome Island 859 square kilometers, Principe Island 142 square kilometers). Sao Pudong and Gabon, northeast and Equatorial Guinea face each other across the sea. The coastline is 220 kilometers long. The two islands of Saint and Príncipe are volcanic islands with rugged terrain and mountainous peaks. Except for the coastal plain, most of the islands are basalt mountains. Sao Tome Peak is 2024 meters above sea level. It has a tropical rainforest climate, hot and humid throughout the year, with an average temperature of 27°C on the two islands.
In the 1570s, the Portuguese arrived in Sao Tome and Principe and used it as a stronghold for the slave trade. In 1522, Sao Tome and Principe became a Portuguese colony. From the 17th to the 18th century, Saint Principe was occupied by the Netherlands and France. It was again under Portuguese rule in 1878. Sao Tome and Principe became an overseas province of Portugal in 1951, under the direct control of the Portuguese governor. The Sao Tome and Principe Liberation Committee was established in 1960 (renamed Sao Tome and Principe Liberation Movement in 1972), demanding unconditional independence. In 1974, the Portuguese authorities reached an independence agreement with the Sao Tome and Principe Liberation Movement. On July 12, 1975, Sao Tome and Principe declared independence and named the country the Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe.
National flag: It is a horizontal rectangle with a ratio of length to width of 2:1. It is composed of four colors: red, green, yellow and black. The side of the flagpole is a red isosceles triangle, the right side is three parallel wide bars, the middle is yellow, the top and bottom are green, and there are two black five-pointed stars in the yellow wide bar. Green symbolizes agriculture, yellow symbolizes cocoa beans and other natural resources, red symbolizes the blood of fighters fighting for independence and freedom, two five-pointed stars represent the two large islands of Sao Tome and Principe, and black symbolizes black people.
The population is about 160,000. 90% of them are Bantu, the rest are mixed race. The official language is Portuguese. 90% of residents believe in Catholicism.
Sao Tome and Principe is an agricultural country that mainly grows cocoa. The main export products are cocoa, copra, palm kernel, coffee and so on. However, grain, industrial products and daily consumer goods all rely on imports. Due to long-term economic difficulties, Sao Tome and Principe is listed by the United Nations as one of the least developed countries in the world.