Zambia BASIC INFOMATION
|LOCAL TIME||YOUR TIME|
|LOCAL TIME ZONE||TIMEZONE DIFFERENCE|
|UTC/GMT +2 HOURS|
|latitude / longitude|
|13°9'6"S / 27°51'9"E|
|ZM / ZMB|
Lunda (North Western) 1.9%
English (official) 1.7%
TYPE C EUROPEAN 2-PIN|
TYPE D OLD BRITISH PLUG
TYPE G BRITISH 3-PIN
|Zambia banks list|
Zambia covers an area of 750,000 square kilometers, most of which is a plateau region. It is a landlocked country in south-central Africa. It borders Tanzania to the northeast, Malawi to the east, Mozambique to the southeast, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia to the south, and Namibia to the west. Angola is bordered by Congo (DRC) and Tanzania in the north. Most areas in the territory are plateaus, and the terrain generally slopes from the northeast to the southwest. The East Zambezi River flows through the west and the south. It has a tropical grassland climate, divided into three seasons: cool and dry, hot and dry, and warm and wet. |
Zambia, the full name of the Republic of Zambia, covers an area of 750,000 square kilometers, most of which belong to the plateau area. A landlocked country located in south-central Africa. It is bordered by Tanzania to the northeast, Malawi to the east, Mozambique to the southeast, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia to the south, Angola to the west, and Congo (Golden) and Tanzania to the north. Most areas in the territory are plateaus with an altitude of 1000-1500 meters, and the terrain generally slopes from the northeast to the southwest. The whole territory is divided into five regions according to geomorphology: the Great Rift Valley in the northeast, the Katanga Plateau in the north, the Kalahari Basin in the southwest, the Luangwa-Malawi Plateau in the southeast and the Luangwa River Basin in the middle area. The Mafinga Mountain on the northeast border is 2,164 meters above sea level, the highest point in the country. The Zambezi River flows through the west and the south, and there is the famous Mosi Otunya Falls (Victoria Falls) on the river. The Luapula River in the upper reaches of the Congo River (Zaire River) originates in the territory. The tropical grassland climate is divided into three seasons: cool and dry (May-August), hot and dry (September-November) and warm and wet (December-April).
The country is divided into 9 provinces and 68 counties. Names of provinces: Luapula, North, Northwest, Copper Belt, Central, East, West, South, Lusaka.
Around the 16th century, some tribes of the Bantu language family began to settle in this area. From the 16th century to the 19th century, the kingdoms of Ronda, Kaloro, and Baroz were established in the territory. At the end of the 18th century, Portuguese and British colonists invaded one after another. In 1911, the British colonists named this area "Northern Rhodesia Protected Land" and was under the jurisdiction of the "British South Africa Company". In 1924, Britain sent a governor to direct rule. On September 3, 1953, the United Kingdom forcibly merged Southern Rhodesia, Northern Rhodesia, and Nyasaland (now known as Malawi) into the "Central African Federation". Due to the opposition of the people of the three countries, the "Central African Federation" was disbanded in December 1963. In January 1964, Northern Rhodesia implemented internal autonomy. The United National Independence Party formed an "internal self-government". On October 24 of the same year, it formally declared its independence and named the Republic of Zambia, but it remained in the Commonwealth, Kaun Daren President. In August 1973, a new constitution was passed, proclaiming Zan’s entry into the Second Republic.
National flag: It is rectangular with a ratio of length to width of 3:2. The flag surface is green. The vertical rectangle at the bottom right is composed of three parallel and equal vertical strips of red, black, and orange. Above it is an eagle with spread wings. Green symbolizes the country’s natural resources, red symbolizes the struggle for freedom, black represents Zambians, and orange symbolizes the country’s mineral deposits. The flying eagle symbolizes Zambia's independence and freedom.
Zambia has a population of 10.55 million (2005). Most of them belong to black Bantu languages. There are 73 ethnic groups. The official language is English, and there are 31 national languages. Among them, 30% believe in Christianity and Catholicism, and most of the rural residents believe in primitive religions.
Zambia is rich in natural resources, mainly copper, with copper reserves of more than 900 million tons. It is the fourth largest copper producer in the world and is known as the "country of copper mines." In addition to copper, there are minerals such as cobalt, lead, cadmium, nickel, iron, gold, silver, zinc, tin, uranium, emeralds, crystals, vanadium, graphite, and mica. Among them, cobalt, as an associated mineral of copper, has a reserve of about 350,000 tons, ranking second in the world. Zambia has many rivers and abundant hydropower resources. Hydropower accounts for 99% of the country’s total power generation. The national forest coverage rate is 45%.
Mining, agriculture and tourism are the three pillars of the Zambian economy. The main body of the mining industry is the mining of copper and cobalt ore and the smelting of copper and cobalt. Copper occupies an important position in the Zambian economy, and 80% of the country's foreign exchange income comes from copper exports. The agricultural output value accounts for about 15.3% of Zambia's GDP, and the agricultural population accounts for about half of the total population.
Zambia has rich tourism resources. The Zambezi River, the fourth largest river in Africa, flows through three-quarters of Zambia. It forms the world-famous Victoria Falls at the junction of Zambia and Zimbabwe. It attracts tourists from all over the world every year. Zambia also has 19 national safari parks and 32 hunting management areas.