Zimbabwe BASIC INFOMATION
|LOCAL TIME||YOUR TIME|
|LOCAL TIME ZONE||TIMEZONE DIFFERENCE|
|UTC/GMT +2 HOURS|
|latitude / longitude|
|19°0'47"S / 29°8'47"E|
|ZW / ZWE|
Sindebele (the language of the Ndebele
sometimes called Ndebele)
numerous but minor tribal dialects
TYPE D OLD BRITISH PLUG|
TYPE G BRITISH 3-PIN
|Zimbabwe banks list|
Zimbabwe covers an area of more than 390,000 square kilometers and is located in southeastern Africa. It is a landlocked country with Mozambique to the east, South Africa to the south, and Botswana and Zambia to the west and northwest. Most of them are plateau terrain, with an average elevation of more than 1,000 meters, divided into three types of terrain, high grassland, middle grassland and low grassland. The Inyangani Mountain in the east is 2,592 meters above sea level, which is the highest point in the country. The main rivers are Zambezi and Limpopo, which are the border rivers with Zambia and South Africa respectively. |
Zimbabwe, the full name of the Republic of Zimbabwe, covers an area of more than 390,000 square kilometers. Zimbabwe is located in southeastern Africa and is a landlocked country. It is adjacent to Mozambique to the east, South Africa to the south, and Botswana and Zambia to the west and northwest. Most of them are plateau topography, with an average altitude of more than 1,000 meters. There are three types of terrain: high grassland, middle grassland and low grassland. Inyangani Mountain in the east is 2,592 meters above sea level, the highest point in the country. The main rivers are Zambezi and Limpopo, which are the border rivers with Zambia and South Africa respectively. Tropical grassland climate, with an average annual temperature of 22℃, the highest temperature in October, reaching 32℃, and the lowest temperature in July, about 13-17℃.
The country is divided into 8 provinces, with 55 districts and 14 municipalities. The names of the eight provinces are: Mashonaland West, Mashonaland Central, Mashonaland East, Manica, Central, Mazunago, Matabeleland North, and Matabeleland South.
Zimbabwe is an ancient southern African country with a strong imprint of African history. Around 1100 AD, a centralized state began to form. The Karenga established the Monomotapa Kingdom in the 13th century, and the kingdom reached its heyday in the early 15th century. In 1890, Zimbabwe became a British colony. In 1895, Britain named Southern Rhodesia after the colonialist Rhodes. In 1923, the British government took over the land and granted it the status of "dominant territory". In 1964, the Smith White regime in Southern Rhodesia changed the name of the country to Rhodesia, and unilaterally declared "independence" in 1965, and changed its name to the "Republic of Rhodesia" in 1970. In May 1979, the country was renamed "Republic of Zimbabwe (Rhodesia)". Due to strong opposition at home and abroad, it has not been recognized internationally. Independence on April 18, 1980, the country was named the Republic of Zimbabwe.
National flag: It is a horizontal rectangle with a ratio of length to width of 2:1. On the side of the flagpole is a white isosceles triangle with black borders, in the middle is a red five-pointed star. Inside the star is a Zimbabwe bird. The white symbolizes peace. The five-pointed star represents the good wishes of the country and the nation. The Zimbabwe bird is a unique symbol of the country , Is also a symbol of ancient civilizations in Zimbabwe and African countries; on the right are seven parallel bars, black in the center, and the upper and lower sides are red, yellow, and green. Black represents the majority of the black population, red symbolizes the blood sprinkled by the people for independence, yellow symbolizes mineral resources, and green represents the country's agriculture.
Zimbabwe has a population of 13.1 million. Blacks accounted for 97.6% of the population, mainly Shona (79%) and Ndebele (17%), whites accounted for 0.5%, and Asians accounted for about 0.41%. English, Shona and Ndebele are also official languages. 40% of the population believes in primitive religion, 58% believes in Christianity, and 1% believes in Islam.
Zimbabwe is rich in natural resources and has a good industrial and agricultural foundation. Industrial products are exported to neighboring countries. In normal years, it is more than self-sufficient in food. It is the world's third largest tobacco exporter. Its economic development level is second only to South Africa in Southern Africa. Manufacturing, mining and agriculture are the three pillars of the national economy. . The output value of private enterprises accounts for about 80% of GDP.
Industrial categories mainly include metal and metal processing (25% of total output value), food processing (15%), petrochemicals (13%), beverages and cigarettes (11%), textiles (10%) , Clothing (8%), papermaking and printing (6%), etc. Agriculture and animal husbandry mainly produce corn, tobacco, cotton, flowers, sugar cane and tea, etc. Animal husbandry mainly produces cattle. With an area of 33.28 million hectares of arable land, the agricultural population accounts for 67% of the country’s population. Not only is it more than self-sufficient in food, it also enjoys the reputation of “granary” in southern Africa. Tianjin has become a major food exporter in Africa, a major flue-cured tobacco exporter in the world, and the fourth largest supplier in the European flower market. The export of agricultural products accounts for about one-third of the country’s export revenue.
Zimbabwe's tourism industry has developed rapidly and has become the main foreign exchange earning sector of Zimbabwe. The famous scenic spot is Victoria Falls, and there are 26 national parks and wildlife reserves.
Harare: Harare, the capital of Zimbabwe, is located on the plateau in the northeast of Zimbabwe, with an altitude of more than 1,400 meters. Built in 1890. The castle was originally built for the British colonists to invade and occupy Mashonaland and was named after the former British Prime Minister Lord Salisbury. Since 1935, it has been rebuilt and gradually formed into today’s modern city. On April 18, 1982, the Zimbabwean government decided to rename Salisbury to Harare. In Shona, Harare means "a city that never sleeps". According to legend, this name was transformed from the name of a chief. He has always been vigilant, never sleeps, and has the spirit of fighting against the enemy.
Harare has a pleasant climate, with lush vegetation and blooming flowers all year round. The streets of the city criss-cross, forming countless "Tac" characters. The tree-lined avenue is wide, clean and quiet, with many parks and gardens. Among them, the famous Salisbury Park has an artificial waterfall that simulates the "Victoria Falls", rushing and rushing down.
There is the Victoria Museum in Harare, which contains paintings of indigenous people in the early years and precious cultural relics unearthed from the "Great Zimbabwe Site". There are also cathedrals, universities, Ruffalo Stadium and art galleries. The verdant Kobe Mountain is located in the western part of the city. In April 1980, the then Prime Minister Mugabe personally lit the ever-bright torch here to mourn the soldiers who died heroically for independence and freedom. From the top of the mountain you can see the panoramic view of Harare. 30 kilometers southwest of the city is a national park, where dense jungles and clear lakes are a good place for swimming, boating and viewing African animals and plants. The southeastern and western suburbs of the city are industrial areas and one of the largest tobacco distribution markets in the world. The suburbs here are called "Gowa" by the locals, which means "red soil".