Bhutan BASIC INFOMATION
|LOCAL TIME||YOUR TIME|
|LOCAL TIME ZONE||TIMEZONE DIFFERENCE|
|UTC/GMT +6 HOURS|
|latitude / longitude|
|27°30'56"N / 90°26'32"E|
|BT / BTN|
Dzongkha (official) 24%
other 26% (includes foreign languages) (2005 est.)
TYPE D OLD BRITISH PLUG|
TYPE F SCHUKO PLUG
TYPE G BRITISH 3-PIN
|Bhutan banks list|
Bhutan covers an area of 38,000 square kilometers and is located on the southern slope of the eastern section of the Himalayas. It borders China on three sides to the east, north and west, and borders India on the south, making it a landlocked country. The climate in the northern mountains is cold, the central valleys are milder, and the southern hilly plains have a humid subtropical climate. 74% of the country's land area is covered by forests, and 26% of the area is designated as protected areas. In western Bhutan, the Bhutanese "Dzongkha" and English are the official languages, the southern part speaks Nepali, and Tibetan Buddhism (Kagyupa) is the state religion of Bhutan. |
Bhutan, the full name of the Kingdom of Bhutan, is located on the southern slope of the eastern section of the Himalayas. It borders China on three sides to the east, north and west, and borders India on the south, making it an inland country. The climate in the northern mountains is cold, the central valleys are milder, and the southern hilly plains have a humid subtropical climate. 74% of the country's land area is covered by forests, and 26% of the area is designated as protected areas.
Bhutan was an independent tribe in the 9th century. The British invaded Bhutan in 1772. In November 1865, Britain and Bhutan signed the Treaty of Sinchura, forcing Bhutan to cede an area of about 2,000 square kilometers east of the Distai River, including Kalimpong. In January 1910, Britain and Bhutan signed the Punakha Treaty, which stipulated that Bhutan’s foreign relations should be guided by Britain. In August 1949, India and Bhutan signed the Treaty of Permanent Peace and Friendship, stipulating that Bhutan's foreign relations receive "guidance" from India. In 1971, it became a member of the United Nations.
National flag: It is rectangular with a ratio of length to width of 3:2. It is composed of two right-angled triangles of golden yellow and orange, with a white flying dragon in the middle, and each of its four claws grabs a bright white orb. The golden yellow symbolizes the power and function of the king; the orange red is the color of the monks’ robes, symbolizing the spiritual power of Buddhism; the dragon symbolizes the power of the country, and also refers to the name of this country, because Bhutan can be translated as "the kingdom of dragons. White beads are held on the dragon's claws, symbolizing power and holiness.
The population is 750,000 (December 2005). Bhutanese account for 80%, and the rest are Nepalese. The western Bhutanese "Dzongkha" and English are the official languages, while the southern one speaks Nepali. Residents mostly believe in the Kagyu Sect of Lamaism (state religion).
The Royal Government of Bhutan is committed to the modernization of the country. In 2005, the per capita income reached US$712, which is relatively high among South Asian countries. While developing the economy, Bhutan attaches great importance to the protection of the environment and ecological resources. Only 6,000 foreign tourists are allowed to enter the country each year, and their itineraries must be carefully reviewed by the Bhutanese government. In recognition of the outstanding contributions of the king and people of Bhutan in the field of environmental protection, the United Nations awarded Bhutan the first UN "Guardian of the Earth Award".