Botswana BASIC INFOMATION
|LOCAL TIME||YOUR TIME|
|LOCAL TIME ZONE||TIMEZONE DIFFERENCE|
|UTC/GMT +2 HOURS|
|latitude / longitude|
|22°20'38"S / 24°40'48"E|
|BW / BWA|
English (official) 2.1%
unspecified 0.4% (2001 census)
TYPE M SOUTH AFRICAN PLUG|
|Botswana banks list|
Botswana is one of the countries with fast economic development and better economic conditions in Africa, with diamond industry, cattle breeding and emerging manufacturing as its pillar industries. Covering an area of 581,730 square kilometers, it is a landlocked country in southern Africa with an average elevation of about 1,000 meters. It borders Zimbabwe to the east, Namibia to the west, Zambia to the north, and South Africa to the south. It is located in the Kalahari Desert in the middle of the South African Plateau, the Okavango Delta Marshlands in the northwest, and hills around Francistown in the southeast. Most areas have a tropical arid grassland climate, and the west has a desert and semi-desert climate. |
With an area of 581,730 square kilometers, Botswana is a landlocked country in southern Africa. The average altitude is about 1,000 meters. It borders Zimbabwe to the east, Namibia to the west, Zambia to the north, and South Africa to the south. It is located in the Kalahari Desert in the middle of the South African Plateau, the Okavango Delta Marshlands in the northwest, and hills around Francistown in the southeast. Most areas have a tropical arid grassland climate, and the west has a desert and semi-desert climate.
Botswana is divided into 10 administrative regions: Northwest, Chobe, Central, Northeast, Hangji, Karahadi, South, Southeast, Kunnen, and Catron.
Botswana was formerly known as Bezuna. Tswana moved here from the north in the 13th to 14th centuries. It became a British colony in 1885 and was called the "Beijing Protectorate". Independence was declared on September 30, 1966, renamed the Republic of Botswana, and remained in the Commonwealth.
National flag: Botswana is rectangular, with a ratio of length to width of 3:2. There is a wide black strip across the middle of the flag surface, two light blue horizontal rectangles on top and bottom, and two thin white stripes between black and light blue. Black represents the vast majority of the black population in Botswana; white represents a minority of the population such as whites; blue symbolizes the blue sky and water. The meaning of the national flag is that under the blue sky of Africa, blacks and whites unite and live together.
Botswana has a population of 1.8 million (2006). The vast majority are Tswana of Bantu language family (90% of the population). There are 8 main tribes in the country: Enhuato, Kunna, Envakeze, Tawana, Katla, Wright, Roron and Trokwa. The Nwato ethnic group is the largest, accounting for about 40% of the population. There are about 10,000 Europeans and Asians. The official language is English, and the common languages are Tswana and English. Most residents believe in Protestantism and Catholicism, and some residents in rural areas believe in traditional religions.
Botswana is one of the countries with rapid economic development and better economic conditions in Africa. The pillar industries are diamond industry, cattle breeding industry and emerging manufacturing industry. Rich in mineral resources. The main mineral deposits are diamonds, followed by copper, nickel, coal, and so on. Diamond reserves and production are among the top in the world. Since the mid-1970s, the mining industry has replaced animal husbandry as the main sector of the national economy and is one of the most important diamond producers in the world. The basic export of diamonds is the main source of national income. Traditional light industry is dominated by livestock product processing, followed by beverages, metal processing and textiles. In recent years, the automobile assembly industry has developed rapidly and once became the second largest foreign exchange earning industry. Agriculture is relatively backward, and more than 80% of food is imported. The livestock industry is dominated by cattle breeding, and its output value accounts for about 80% of the total output value of agriculture and animal husbandry. It is one of the pillar industries of Bo's national economy. Bo is one of the largest livestock product processing centers in Africa, with modern large-scale slaughter plants and meat processing plants.
Botswana is a major tourist country in Africa, and a large number of wild animals are the main tourist resources. The government has designated 38% of the country's land as wildlife sanctuaries and established 3 national parks and 5 wildlife sanctuaries. Okavango Inland Delta and Chobe National Park are the main tourist spots.