Guinea BASIC INFOMATION
|LOCAL TIME||YOUR TIME|
|LOCAL TIME ZONE||TIMEZONE DIFFERENCE|
|UTC/GMT 0 HOURS|
|latitude / longitude|
|9°56'5"N / 11°17'1"W|
|GN / GIN|
TYPE C EUROPEAN 2-PIN|
TYPE F SCHUKO PLUG
|Guinea banks list|
Guinea covers an area of approximately 246,000 square kilometers. It is located on the west coast of West Africa. It borders Guinea-Bissau, Senegal and Mali to the north, Côte d’Ivoire to the east, Sierra Leone and Liberia to the south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The coastline is 352 kilometers long. The terrain is complex and the whole territory is divided into 4 natural areas: the west is a long and narrow coastal plain, the middle is the Futada Djallon Plateau with an average elevation of 900 meters, and the three main rivers in West Africa-the Niger, Senegal and Gambia all originate here. Known as the "West Africa Water Tower", the northeast is a plateau with an average elevation of about 300 meters, and the southeast is the Guinea plateau. |
Guinea, the full name of the Republic of Guinea, is located on the west coast of West Africa, bordered by Guinea-Bissau, Senegal and Mali to the north, Côte d’Ivoire to the east, Sierra Leone and Liberia to the south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The coastline is 352 kilometers long. The terrain is complex, and the whole territory is divided into 4 natural areas: the west (called Lower Guinea) is a long and narrow coastal plain. The central part (Central Guinea) is the Futa Djallon Plateau with an average elevation of 900 meters. The three main rivers in West Africa-the Niger, the Senegal and the Gambia, all originate here and are called the "West Africa Water Tower". The northeast (Upper Guinea) is a plateau with an average elevation of about 300 meters. The southeast is the Guinea Plateau, with Nimba Mountain at 1,752 meters above sea level, which is the highest peak in the whole country. The coastal area has a tropical monsoon climate, and the inland has a tropical grassland climate.
The national population of 9.64 million (2006). There are more than 20 ethnic groups. Among them, the Fula (also known as the Pall) account for about 40% of the country's population, the Malinkai about 30%, and the Susu about 16%. The official language is French. Each ethnic group has its own language, the main languages are Susu, Malinkai and Fula (also known as Pall). About 87% of the residents believe in Islam, 5% believe in Catholicism, and the rest believe in fetishism.
From the 9th to the 15th century AD, Guinea was part of the Kingdom of Ghana and the Mali Empire. Portuguese colonialists invaded Guinea in the 15th century, followed by Spain, the Netherlands, France, and the United Kingdom. In 1842-1897, French colonialists signed more than 30 "protection" treaties with tribal chiefs everywhere. The Berlin Conference of 1885 was divided into French spheres of influence. It was named French Guinea in 1893. Guinea demanded immediate independence in 1958 and refused to stay in the French Community. On October 2 of the same year, independence was officially declared and the Republic of Guinea was established. In 1984, the country was renamed the "Republic of Guinea" (also known as the Second Republic of Guinea), and Conte became the second president of Guinea after independence. In January 1994, the Third Republic was established.
National flag: It is rectangular with a ratio of length to width of 3:2. It is composed of three parallel and equal vertical rectangles, which are red, yellow, and green in order from left to right. Red symbolizes the blood of the martyrs fighting for freedom, and also symbolizes the sacrifices made by laborers to build the motherland; yellow represents the country's gold and also symbolizes the sun that shines throughout the country; green symbolizes the country's plants. In addition, the red, yellow, and green colors are also pan-African colors, which are regarded by the Guineans as a sign of "industriousness, justice, and solidarity".
Guinea is one of the least developed countries in the world. In 2005, its per capita GDP was US$355.