Armenia BASIC INFOMATION
|LOCAL TIME||YOUR TIME|
|LOCAL TIME ZONE||TIMEZONE DIFFERENCE|
|UTC/GMT +4 HOURS|
|latitude / longitude|
|40°3'58"N / 45°6'39"E|
|AM / ARM|
|Armenian (official) 97.9%|
Kurdish (spoken by Yezidi minority) 1%
other 1% (2011 est.)
TYPE C EUROPEAN 2-PIN|
TYPE F SCHUKO PLUG
|Armenia banks list|
Armenia covers an area of 29,800 square kilometers and is a landlocked country located in the southern Transcaucasus at the junction of Asia and Europe. It is bordered by Azerbaijan in the east, Turkey, Iran, and Azerbaijan’s Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic in the west and southeast, Georgia in the north, in the northeastern part of the Armenian Plateau, the territory is mountainous, the Lesser Caucasus Mountains in the north, and the Sevan Depression in the east. The Ararat Plain in the southwest is divided into two halves by the Arax River, with Armenia in the north and Turkey and Iran in the south. |
Armenia, the full name of the Republic of Armenia, covers an area of 29,800 square kilometers. Armenia is a landlocked country located in the south of Transcaucasus at the junction of Asia and Europe. It borders Azerbaijan to the east, Turkey, Iran, and the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic of Azerbaijan to the west and southeast, and Georgia to the north. Located in the northeastern part of the Armenian plateau, the territory is mountainous, and 90% of the territory is above 1,000 meters above sea level. The northern part is the Lesser Caucasus Mountains, and the highest point in the territory is Mount Aragats in the northwest highlands, with an altitude of 4,090 meters. There is the Sevan Depression in the east. The Sevan Lake in the depression covers an area of 1,360 square kilometers, which is the largest lake in Armenia. The main river is the Araks River. The Ararat Plain in the southwest is divided into two halves by the Arax River, with Armenia in the north and Turkey and Iran in the south. The climate varies with the terrain, from a dry subtropical climate to a cold climate. Located in the northern part of the subtropical zone, the inland climate is dry and has a subtropical alpine climate. The average temperature in January is -2-12℃; the average temperature in July is 24-26℃.
The country is divided into 10 states and 1 state-level city: Chirac, Lori, Tavush, Aragatsotn, Kotayk, Ggarkunik, Armavir, Ararat, Vayots-Zor, Shunnik and Yerevan.
In the 9th century BC to the 6th century BC, the slavery Ullad State was established in Armenia. From the 6th century BC to the 3rd century BC, Armenian territory was under the rule of the Akemenid and Seleucid dynasties, and the Great Armenia was established. The latter two were divided between Turkey and Iran. From 1804 to 1828, the two Russian-Iranian wars ended in Iran's failure, and East Armenia, which was originally occupied by Iran, was merged into Russia. In November 1917, Armenia was occupied by Britain and Turkey. On January 29, 1920, the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic was established. Joined the Transcaucasian Soviet Socialist Federal Republic on March 12, 1922, and joined the Soviet Union as a member of the Federation on December 30 of the same year. On December 5, 1936, the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic was changed to be directly under the Soviet Union and became one of the republics. On August 23, 1990, the Supreme Soviet of Armenia passed the Declaration of Independence and changed its name to the "Republic of Armenia". On September 21, 1991, Armenia held a referendum and officially declared its independence. Joined the CIS on December 21 of the same year.
National flag: It is a horizontal rectangle with a ratio of length to width of 2:1. From top to bottom, it consists of three parallel and equal horizontal rectangles of red, blue and orange. Red symbolizes the blood of the martyrs and the victory of the national revolution, blue represents the country's rich resources, and orange symbolizes light, happiness and hope. Armenia was once a republic of the former Soviet Union. At that time, the national flag was a slightly wider blue horizontal stripe in the middle of the flag of the former Soviet Union. In 1991, independence was declared and the red, blue and orange tricolor flag was officially adopted as the national flag.
The population of Armenia is 3.2157 million (January 2005). Armenians accounted for 93.3%, and the others included Russians, Kurds, Ukrainians, Assyrians, and Greeks. The official language is Armenian, and most residents are proficient in Russian. Mainly believe in Christianity.
The Armenian resources mainly include copper ore, copper-molybdenum ore and polymetallic ore. In addition, there are sulfur, marble and colored tuff. The main industrial sectors include machine manufacturing, chemical and biological engineering, organic synthesis, and non-ferrous metal smelting. The main tourist attractions are the capital Yerevan and Lake Sevan Nature Reserve. The main export products are processed gems and semi-precious stones, food, non-precious metals and their products, mineral products, textiles, machinery and equipment. The main imported products are precious and semi-precious stones, mineral products, non-precious metals and their products, food, etc.
Yerevan: Yerevan, the capital of Armenia, is an ancient cultural capital with a long history, located on the left bank of the Razdan River, 23 kilometers away from the Turkish border. Mount Ararat and Mount Aragaz stand on the north and south sides respectively, facing each other. The city is 950-1300 meters above sea level. The average temperature in January is -5℃, and the average temperature in July is 25℃. "Erevan" means "the country of the Eri tribe". It has a population of 1.1028 million (January 2005).
Yerevan has experienced ups and downs. People lived here in the 60th to 30th centuries BC, and at that time it had become an important commercial center. In the years that followed, Yerevan was ruled by Romans, Rest, Arabs, Mongolians, Turkeys, Persias, and Georgians. In 1827, Yerevan belonged to Russia. After the collapse of the Soviet Union it became the capital of the independent Republic of Armenia.
Yrevan is built on a hillside, surrounded by beautiful natural scenery. Looking up from a distance, Mount Ararat and Mount Aragaz are snow-capped, and Qianren Bingfeng is in sight. Mount Ararat is a characteristic of the Armenian nation, and the pattern on the Armenian national emblem is Mount Ararat.
Armenia is famous for its stone-carving architectural art, rich in various colorful granites and marbles, and is known as the "land of stones". Most houses in Yerevan are built with magnificent domestically produced stones. Because of its location on a high ground, the air is thin, and the colorful houses are bathed in bright sunlight, making them extraordinarily beautiful.
Yerevan is an important cultural center of Armenia. It has a university and 10 other institutions of higher learning. In 1943, the Academy of Sciences was established. It has archives, theater and history museums, folk art museums, and National Gallery of 14,000 paintings. The Manuscript Exhibition Hall of Matannadaran Documents is well-known. It contains more than 10,000 ancient Armenian documents and nearly 2,000 precious materials written in Arabic, Persian, Greek, Latin and other languages. Many manuscripts are It is written directly on processed sheepskin.