Belarus BASIC INFOMATION
|LOCAL TIME||YOUR TIME|
|LOCAL TIME ZONE||TIMEZONE DIFFERENCE|
|UTC/GMT +3 HOURS|
|latitude / longitude|
|53°42'39"N / 27°58'25"E|
|BY / BLR|
|Belarusian (official) 23.4%|
Russian (official) 70.2%
other 3.1% (includes small Polish- and Ukrainian-speaking minorities)
unspecified 3.3% (2009 est.)
TYPE C EUROPEAN 2-PIN|
TYPE F SCHUKO PLUG
|Belarus banks list|
There are many lakes in Belarus, known as the "country of ten thousand lakes". It is located in the western part of the Eastern European Plain, bordered by Russia in the east, Latvia and Lithuania in the north and northwest, Poland in the west and Ukraine in the south. Belarus covers an area of 207,600 square kilometers, with many hills in the northwest and relatively flat southeast. It is a landlocked country with no outlet to the sea and is the only way for land transportation between Europe and Asia. The Eurasian Land Bridge and its parallel Moscow-Warsaw International Highway cross the territory, so it has the reputation of "transportation hub country". |
Belarus, the full name of the Republic of Belarus, has an area of 207,600 square kilometers. It is located in the plains of Eastern Europe, with the Russian Federation to the east and north, Ukraine to the south, and Poland, Lithuania and Latvia to the west. It is a landlocked country with no outlet to the sea. It is the only way for land transportation between Europe and Asia. The Eurasian Land Bridge and its parallel Moscow-Warsaw International Highway cross the territory. Therefore, it has the reputation of "transportation hub country". There are many hills in the northwest of the territory, and the southeast is relatively flat. Belarus is known as the "Country of Ten Thousand Lakes". There are 11,000 lakes and about 4,000 large lakes. The largest Lake Narach covers an area of 79.6 square kilometers. The main rivers include the Dnieper, Pripyat and West Germany. There are more than 20,000 rivers crisscrossing the Wiener, Neman, and Sozh rivers. Depending on the distance from the Baltic Sea, they are divided into two types: continental climate and oceanic climate.
In history, the Belarusians were a branch of the Eastern Slavs. At the end of the 9th century, the Russians and Ukrainians merged into Kievan Rus and established the feudal principalities of Polotsk and Turov-Pinsk. From the 13th to the 14th century, its territory belonged to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Since 1569, it belongs to the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania. Incorporated into Tsarist Russia at the end of the 18th century. Soviet power was established in November 1917. From February to November 1918, most of the territory of Belarus was occupied by German forces. On January 1, 1919, the Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic was established. Joined the Soviet Union as a founding country on December 3, 1922. Belarus was occupied by German fascist forces in 1941, and the Soviet army liberated Belarus in June 1944. Since 1945, Belarus has become one of the three member states of the Soviet Union to join the United Nations. On July 27, 1990, the Supreme Soviet of Belarus passed the "Declaration of Sovereignty", and on August 25, 1991, Belarus declared independence. On December 19 of the same year, the country was renamed the Republic of Belarus.
National flag: It is a horizontal rectangle with a ratio of length to width of about 2:1. The upper part is a wide red face, the lower part is a green narrow strip, and a vertical strip with ethnic red and white patterns near the flagpole. Belarus became a republic of the former Soviet Union in 1922. Since 1951, the national flag pattern adopted is: the left side is red and white vertical stripes; the upper part of the right side is red with a yellow five-pointed star, sickle and hammer. Wide noodles, the lower half is a narrow green strip. In 1991, independence was declared. First, the three-color national flag consisting of three parallel horizontal rectangles consisting of white, red and white from top to bottom was adopted, and then the above-mentioned current national flag was used.
Belarus has a population of 9,898,600 (as of January 2003). There are more than 100 ethnic groups, of which 81.2% are Belarusian, 11.4% are Russian, 3.9% are Polish, 2.4% are Ukrainian, 0.3% are Jews, and 0.8% are other ethnicities. The official languages are Belarusian and Russian. Mainly believe in the Orthodox Church, and some areas in the northwest believe in Catholicism and the combined sects of Orthodox and Catholicism.
Belarus has a good industrial foundation, with relatively developed machinery manufacturing, electronics, communications, instrument manufacturing, metallurgy, petrochemical, light industry and food industries; in laser, nuclear physics, nuclear energy, powder metallurgy, optics, software, Strong scientific research strength in microelectronics, nanotechnology and biotechnology. Agriculture and animal husbandry are relatively developed, and the output of potatoes, sugar beets and flax are among the forefront of the CIS countries. The Belarusian economy took the lead among the CIS countries to recover and exceed the level of the former Soviet Union. The GDP of Belarus in 2004 was 22.891 billion U.S. dollars, an increase of 17% over 1991 and an increase of 77% over 1995 when the economy recovered. In 2005, Belarus' GDP grew by 9.2% year-on-year.
Minsk: Minsk (Minsk) is located on the Svisloch River, a tributary of the upper Dnieper River, south of the hills of Belarus, with an area of about 159 square kilometers and a population of 1.5 million.
Minsk is not only the political center of Belarus, but also an important transportation hub. It has always been a trade center connecting Baltic Sea coast, Moscow, Kazan and other cities, and is known as the "town of trading". After it became the meeting point between Moscow and the Brest and Lipavo and Romansk railways in the 1870s, commerce and handicrafts developed greatly. After the Second World War, Minsk became an important industrial center in Belarus, with major industries including machinery manufacturing, light industry and food industry.
The central area of Minsk is an administrative and cultural district. There are Belarusian Academy of Sciences, Belarusian University, Museum of History and Topography, the Memorial of the First Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party, the Memorial of the Great Patriotic War, and the Art Museum. Wait.