Sri Lanka BASIC INFOMATION
|LOCAL TIME||YOUR TIME|
|LOCAL TIME ZONE||TIMEZONE DIFFERENCE|
|UTC/GMT +5 HOURS|
|latitude / longitude|
|7°52'26"N / 80°46'1"E|
|LK / LKA|
|Sinhala (official and national language) 74%|
Tamil (national language) 18%
TYPE D OLD BRITISH PLUG|
|Sri Lanka banks list|
Sri Lanka Introduction
Sri Lanka covers an area of 65610 square kilometers and is located in southern Asia. It is an island country in the Indian Ocean at the southern end of the South Asian subcontinent. It has beautiful scenery and is known as "the pearl of the Indian Ocean", "the country of gems" and "the country of lions." The northwest faces the Indian peninsula across the Pauk Strait. It is close to the equator, so it is like summer all year round. The capital Colombo is known as the "Crossroads of the East", and the world-renowned Lanka gems are continuously exported from here to overseas. |
Sri Lanka, fully known as the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, has a land area of 65610 square kilometers. Located in southern Asia, it is an island country in the Indian Ocean at the southern end of the South Asian subcontinent. It has beautiful scenery and is known as "the pearl of the Indian Ocean", "the country of gems" and "the country of lions." To the northwest, it faces the Indian peninsula across the Pauk Strait. Close to the equator, it is like summer all year round, with an average annual temperature of 28°C. The average annual precipitation varies from 1283 to 3321 mm.
The country is divided into 9 provinces: Western Province, Central Province, Southern Province, Northwestern Province, Northern Province, Northern Central Province, Oriental Province, Uva Province and Sabala Gamuwa Province; 25 county.
2500 years ago, Aryans from North India immigrated to Ceylon and established the Sinhalese Dynasty. In 247 BC, King Ashoka of the Maurya Dynasty in India sent his son to the island to promote Buddhism and was welcomed by the local king. Since then, the Sinhalese abandoned Brahmanism and converted to Buddhism. Around the 2nd century BC, the Tamils of South India also began to migrate and settle in Ceylon. From the 5th century to the 16th century, there were constant battles between the Sinhala Kingdom and the Tamil Kingdom. From the 16th century, it was ruled by the Portuguese and the Dutch. It became a British colony at the end of the 18th century. Independence on February 4, 1948, became the dominion of the Commonwealth. On May 22, 1972, it was announced that the name of Ceylon was changed to the Republic of Sri Lanka. "Sri Lanka" is the ancient Sinhala name of Ceylon Island, which means bright and rich land. The country was renamed the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka on August 16, 1978, and it is still a member of the Commonwealth.
National flag: It is a horizontal rectangle with a ratio of length to width of about 2:1. The yellow border around the flag surface and the yellow vertical strips on the left side of the frame divide the entire flag surface into a left and right structure frame. Inside the left frame are two vertical rectangles in green and orange; on the right is a brown rectangle, in the middle is a yellow lion holding a sword, and each corner of the rectangle has a linden leaf. Brown represents the Sinhala ethnic group, accounting for 72% of the national population; orange and green represent ethnic minorities; and the yellow border symbolizes the people’s pursuit of light and happiness. Bodhi leaves express belief in Buddhism, and its shape is similar to the outline of the country; the lion pattern marks the country's ancient name "Lion Country" and also symbolizes strength and bravery.
Sri Lanka has a population of 19.01 million (April 2005). Sinhalese accounted for 81.9%, Tamil people 9.5%, Moor people 8.0%, and others 0.6%. Sinhala and Tamil are both the official language and the national language, and English is commonly used in the upper class. 76.7% of residents believe in Buddhism, 7.9% believe in Hinduism, 8.5% believe in Islam, and 6.9% believe in Christianity.
Sri Lanka is an agricultural country dominated by plantation economy, rich in fishery, forestry and water resources. Tea, rubber and coconut are the three pillars of Sri Lanka's national economic income. The main mineral deposits in Sri Lanka include graphite, gemstones, ilmenite, zircon, mica, etc. Among them, the output of graphite ranks first in the world, and Lanka gemstones enjoy a high reputation in the world. Sri Lanka’s industries include textiles, clothing, leather, food, beverages, tobacco, paper, wood, chemicals, petroleum processing, rubber, metal processing, and machine assembly, and most of them are concentrated in the Colombo area. The main export commodities are textiles, clothing, tea, rubber, coconut and petroleum products. In addition, tourism is also an important part of Sri Lanka’s economy, generating hundreds of millions of dollars in foreign exchange for the country every year.
Colombo: Colombo, the capital of Sri Lanka, is located on the densely populated southwest coast of Sri Lanka. It is known as the "Crossroads of the East". Since the Middle Ages, this place has been one of the most important commercial ports in the world, and the famous Lanka gems in the world have been exported continuously from here to overseas. It has a tropical monsoon climate with an average annual temperature of 28°C. It has a population of 2.234 million (2001).
Colombo means "heaven of the sea" in the local Sinhari language. As early as the 8th century AD, Arab merchants were already doing business here. In the 12th century, Colombo had begun to take shape and was called Kalambu. Since the 16th century, Colombo was successively occupied by Portugal, the Netherlands and the British. As Colombo is located between Europe, India and the Far East, passing ships from Oceania to Europe have to pass through here, therefore, Colombo has gradually developed into a large port for international merchant ships. At the same time, Sri Lanka's domestically produced tea, rubber, and coconuts are also exported from here to foreign countries using excellent natural conditions.
Colombo is a beautiful city with lush urban areas and a pleasant climate. After a well-designed urban area, the streets are wide and clean, and commercial buildings are towering into the sky. Gao'er Street, the main street of the city, is a straight avenue extending from north to south to the city of Gao'er, which is more than 100 kilometers away. Coconut trees on both sides of the road lined with trees, and the shadows of the trees were whirling. There are many races living in the city, including Sinhala, Tamil, Moorish, Indian, Berger, Indo-European, Malay and European.