Sweden BASIC INFOMATION
|LOCAL TIME||YOUR TIME|
|LOCAL TIME ZONE||TIMEZONE DIFFERENCE|
|UTC/GMT +1 HOURS|
|latitude / longitude|
|62°11'59"N / 17°38'14"E|
|SE / SWE|
small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities
TYPE C EUROPEAN 2-PIN|
TYPE F SCHUKO PLUG
|Sweden banks list|
Sweden is located in the eastern part of Scandinavia in Northern Europe, bordering Finland to the northeast, Norway to the west and northwest, the Baltic Sea to the east and the North Sea to the southwest. The territory covers an area of approximately 450,000 square kilometers. The terrain slopes from northwest to southeast, with the Nordland Plateau in the north, and plains or hills in the south and coastal areas. There are many lakes, about 92,000. The largest Lake Vänern ranks third in Europe. About 15% of the land is in the Arctic Circle, but affected by the warm Atlantic current, winter is not too cold. Most areas have a temperate coniferous forest climate, and the southernmost part is a temperate broad-leaved forest climate. |
Sweden, the full name of the Kingdom of Sweden, is located in the eastern part of Scandinavia in Northern Europe. It borders Finland to the northeast, Norway to the west and northwest, the Baltic Sea to the east, and the North Sea to the southwest. The territory covers an area of approximately 450,000 square kilometers. The terrain slopes from northwest to southeast. The northern part is the Nordland Plateau, the highest peak in the country, Kebnekesai, is 2123 meters above sea level, and the southern and coastal areas are mostly plains or hills. The main rivers are the Jota, Dal, and Ongeman. There are many lakes, about 92,000. The largest Lake Vänern covers an area of 5585 square kilometers, ranking third in Europe. Approximately 15% of the land is in the Arctic Circle, but affected by the warm Atlantic current, the winter is not too cold. Most areas have a temperate coniferous forest climate, and the southernmost part is a temperate broad-leaved forest climate.
The country is divided into 21 provinces and 289 cities. The governor is appointed by the government, the municipal leadership is elected, and the provinces and cities have greater autonomy.
The nation began to form around 1100 AD. Annexed Finland in 1157. In 1397, it formed the Kalmar Union with Denmark and Norway and was under Danish rule. In 1523 independence from the Union. In the same year, Gustav Vasa was elected king. Sweden’s heyday was from 1654 to 1719, and its territory included present-day Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and the Baltic coastal areas of Russia, Poland, and Germany. After defeating Russia, Denmark and Poland in 1718, it gradually declined. Participated in the Napoleonic Wars in 1805, and was forced to cede Finland after being defeated by Russia in 1809. In 1814, it acquired Norway from Denmark and formed a Swiss-Norwegian alliance with Norway. Norway became independent from the Union in 1905. Sweden was neutral in both world wars.
National flag: blue, with a yellow cross slightly to the left. The blue and yellow colors come from the colors of the Swedish royal emblem.
Sweden has a population of 9.12 million (February 2007). Ninety percent are Swedes (descendants of Germanic ethnicity), and about 1 million foreign immigrants and their descendants (52.6% of them are foreigners). The Sami in the north are the only ethnic minority, with about 10,000 people. The official language is Swedish. 90% of the people believe in Christian Lutheranism.
Sweden is a highly developed country and one of the richest countries in the world. In 2006, Sweden’s GDP was 371.521 billion U.S. dollars, with an average per capita of 40,962 U.S. dollars. Sweden has rich iron ore, forest and water resources. The forest coverage rate is 54%, and the storage material is 2.64 billion cubic meters; the annual available water resources are 20.14 million kilowatts (about 176 billion kilowatt hours). Sweden has developed industries, mainly including mining, machinery manufacturing, forest and paper industry, power equipment, automobiles, chemicals, telecommunications, food processing, etc. It has world-renowned companies such as Ericsson and Volvo. The main export commodities are all kinds of machinery, transportation and communication equipment, chemical and pharmaceutical products, paper pulp, papermaking equipment, iron ore, household appliances, energy equipment, petroleum products, natural gas and textiles, etc. The main imported commodities are food, tobacco, and beverages. , Raw materials (wood, ore), energy (petroleum, coal, electricity), chemical products, machinery and equipment, clothing, furniture, etc. Sweden's arable land accounts for 6% of the country's land area. The country’s food, meat, eggs and dairy products are more than self-sufficient, and vegetables and fruits are mainly imported. Its main agricultural and livestock products include: cereals, wheat, potatoes, beets, meat, poultry, eggs, dairy products, etc. Sweden is a highly internationalized country with a developed economy and rapid development of electronics and information technology industries. Sweden has rich experience in promoting sustainable economic development, attaching importance to scientific and technological research and development, promoting social equity, and building a social security system. It has international competitive advantages in telecommunications, pharmaceuticals, and financial services.
Stockholm: Stockholm, the capital of Sweden, is the second largest city in Northern Europe. It is located at the confluence of Lake Mälaren and the Baltic Sea and consists of 14 islands. These islands are like glittering pearls embedded between the lake and the sea.
Stockholm is known as the "Venice of the North". Ascend a bird’s eye view of the city. The distinctive bridges across the sea are like jade belts connecting the islands of the city. The green hills, blue waters, and winding streets are integrated. The majestic medieval buildings, row upon row of modern buildings and The exquisite villas in the green trees and red flowers stand against each other.
The old city of Stockholm, which was built in the middle of the 13th century, has a history of more than 700 years. Since it has never been damaged by war, it has been preserved so far. Medieval buildings decorated with wood carvings and stone carvings and narrow streets make the old town stand out as an ancient city, attracting a large number of tourists to visit. Nearby are the majestic palace, ancient Nicholas church and government buildings and other buildings. The Zoo Island is far away from the old city. The famous Skansen Open Air Museum, Nordic Museum, "Vasa" Shipwreck Museum and playground "Tivoli" gather here.
Stockholm is also a cultural city. There is a royal library built in the early 17th century with a collection of 1 million books. In addition, there are more than 50 professional and comprehensive museums. The famous Stockholm University and the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering are also located here. The picturesque Queen’s Island and Millers Carving Park are the most famous tourist spots in the city. There is a "Chinese Palace" on Queen's Island, which is the product of the European admiration of Chinese culture in the 18th century.
Gothenburg: Gothenburg is Sweden’s second largest industrial city. It is located on the west coast of Sweden, across the Kattegat Strait and the northern tip of Denmark. It is known as Sweden’s "Western Window". Gothenburg is the largest seaport in Scandinavia, and the port does not freeze all year round.
Gothenburg was founded in the early 17th century, and was later destroyed by the Danes during the Kalmar War. In 1619, King Gustav II of Sweden rebuilt the city and soon developed it into Sweden's commercial center. With the establishment of the Swedish East India Company in Gothenburg in 1731 and the completion of the Göta Canal in 1832, the scale of Gothenburg’s port continued to expand and the city became increasingly prosperous. After hundreds of years of continuous construction and development, Gothenburg has become a tourist city that combines modernity and antiquity. Since most of the earliest residents lived here were Dutch, the appearance of the old part of the city has typical Dutch characteristics. A network of canals extending in all directions surrounds the city, modern buildings are lined up, and the imposing royal residences built in the 17th century are magnificent, all of which attract thousands of tourists.