New Zealand BASIC INFOMATION
|LOCAL TIME||YOUR TIME|
|LOCAL TIME ZONE||TIMEZONE DIFFERENCE|
|UTC/GMT +13 HOURS|
|latitude / longitude|
|40°50'16"S / 6°38'33"W|
|NZ / NZL|
|English (de facto official) 89.8%|
Maori (de jure official) 3.5%
Northern Chinese 1.2%
Other or not stated 20.5%
New Zealand Sign Language (de jure official)
TYPE I AUSTRALIAN PLUG|
|New Zealand banks list|
New Zealand Introduction
New Zealand is located in the southern Pacific Ocean, between Antarctica and the equator, facing Australia across the Tasman Sea to the west, and Tonga and Fiji to the north. New Zealand is composed of North Island, South Island, Stewart Island and some nearby small islands, covering an area of more than 270,000 square kilometers, an exclusive economic zone of 1.2 million square kilometers, and a coastline of 6,900 kilometers. New Zealand is known for its "green". Although the territory is mountainous, and mountains and hills account for more than 75% of its total area, it has a temperate maritime climate with little temperature difference in the four seasons. Plant growth is very lush, and the forest coverage rate is 29%. Pastures or farms account for half of the country's land area. |
New Zealand is located in the southern Pacific, between Antarctica and the equator. Facing Australia across the Tasman Sea to the west, Tonga and Fiji to the north. New Zealand is composed of North Island, South Island, Stewart Island and some small islands nearby, covering an area of more than 270,000 square kilometers. New Zealand is known for its "green". Although the territory is mountainous, mountains and hills account for more than 75% of its total area, but here is a temperate maritime climate, with little temperature difference in the four seasons, plant growth is very lush, natural pastures or farms occupy the land area half. The vast forests and pastures make New Zealand a veritable green kingdom. New Zealand is rich in hydropower resources, and 80% of the country's electricity is hydropower. The forest area accounts for about 29% of the country's land area, and the ecological environment is very good. The North Island has many volcanoes and hot springs, and the South Island has many glaciers and lakes.
New Zealand is divided into 12 regions, with 74 regional administrative agencies (including 15 city halls, 58 district councils and the Chatham Islands Parliament). The 12 regions are: Northland, Auckland, Waikato, Plenty Bay, Hawke's Bay, Taranaki, Manawatu-Wanganui, Wellington, West Bank, Canterbury, Otago and Southland.
The Maori were the first residents of New Zealand. In the 14th century AD, Maori came to New Zealand from Polynesia to settle and became the earliest residents of New Zealand. They used the Polynesian word \"aotearoa\" to make its name, which means "green space with white clouds." In 1642, the Dutch navigator Abel Tasman landed here and named it "New Zeeland". From 1769 to 1777, the British Captain James Cook went to New Zealand five times to survey and draw maps. After that, the British immigrated to this place in large numbers and announced the occupation of New Zealand, changing the Dutch name of the island "New Zeeland" to English "New Zealand". In 1840, Britain included this land into the territory of the British Empire. In 1907, Britain agreed to New Zealand's independence and became the dominion of the Commonwealth. The politics, economy, and diplomacy were still under British control. In 1931, the British Parliament passed the Westminster Act. According to this act, New Zealand gained full autonomy in 1947 and remains a member of the Commonwealth.
National flag: It is a horizontal rectangle with a ratio of length to width of 2:1. The flag ground is dark blue, the upper left is the red and white "meter" pattern of the British flag, and the right has four red five-pointed stars with white borders. The four stars are arranged asymmetrically. New Zealand is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. The red and white "rice" patterns indicate the traditional relationship with the United Kingdom; the four stars represent the Southern Cross, indicating that the country is located in the southern hemisphere, and it also symbolizes independence and hope.
New Zealand has a population of 4.177 million (March 2007). Among them, the descendants of European immigrants accounted for 78.8%, Maori accounted for 14.5%, and Asians accounted for 6.7%. 75% of the population lives in North Island. The population of the Auckland area accounts for 30.7% of the country's total population. The population of Wellington, the capital, accounts for about 11% of the country's total population. Auckland is the most populous city in the country; Christchurch on the South Island is the second largest city in the country. The official languages are English and Maori. General English, Maori speak Maori. 70% of residents believe in Protestantism and Catholicism.
New Zealand is an economically developed country, and animal husbandry is the foundation of its economy. New Zealand’s exports of agricultural and livestock products account for 50% of its total exports, and its exports of mutton, dairy products and coarse wool rank No. 1 in the world. One. New Zealand is also the world's largest producer and exporter of velvet antler, with production accounting for 30% of the world's total production. The mineral deposits mainly include coal, gold, iron ore, natural gas, as well as silver, manganese, tungsten, phosphate, and petroleum, but the reserves are not large. There are 30 million tons of oil reserves and 170 billion cubic meters of natural gas reserves. Forest resources are abundant, with a forest area of 8.1 million hectares, accounting for 30% of the country’s land area, of which 6.3 million hectares are natural forests and 1.8 million hectares are artificial forests. The main products are logs, round logs, wood pulp, paper and planks. Abundant fishery products.
New Zealand's industry is dominated by the processing of agricultural, forestry and animal husbandry products, mainly light industries such as dairy products, blankets, food, wine making, leather, tobacco, papermaking, and wood processing. The products are mainly for export. Agriculture is highly mechanized. The main crops are wheat, barley, oats and fruits. Food cannot be self-sufficient and needs to be imported from Australia. The developed livestock industry is the foundation of New Zealand's economy. The land for animal husbandry is 13.52 million hectares, accounting for half of the country's land area. Dairy products and meat are the most important new export products. The export volume of coarse wool ranks first in the world, accounting for 25% of the world's total output. New Zealand is rich in fishery and is the fourth largest exclusive economic zone in the world. The fishing potential in the 200-nautical-mile exclusive economic zone is about 500,000 tons per year. New Zealand has a fresh environment, pleasant climate, beautiful scenery, and tourist attractions all over the country. The surface landscape of New Zealand is full of changes. The North Island has many volcanoes and hot springs, and the South Island has many glaciers and lakes. Among them, the unique landforms of Mount Ruapehu on the North Island and the 14 surrounding volcanoes form a rare volcanic geothermal anomaly zone in the world. There are more than 1,000 high-temperature geothermal fountains distributed here. These various forms of boiling springs, fumaroles, boiling mud ponds and geysers form a great wonder of New Zealand. Tourism revenue accounts for about 10% of New Zealand's GDP, and it is the second largest foreign exchange earning industry after dairy products.
Wellington: The capital of New Zealand, Wellington (Wellington) is located at the southernmost tip of New Zealand's North Island, choking the throat of the Cook Strait. She is surrounded by green hills on three sides, facing the sea on one side, and holding Port Nicholson in her arms. The whole city is full of greenery, the air is fresh, and the four seasons are like spring. Wellington is located in a fault zone. Except for a flat land near the sea, the entire city is built on mountains. A major earthquake in 1855 severely damaged the port. Wellington is now rebuilt after 1948. The population is 424,000 (December 2001).
In the 10th century AD, Polynesians came to settle here. After Britain signed a treaty with the local Maori patriarch in 1840, a large number of British immigrants came here. At first, the British called the place "Britania", which means "a place in the UK". Later, the town was gradually expanded to its current scale. The town was named after the Duke of Wellington, the British star who defeated Napoleon in 1815, and was chosen as the capital in 1865.
Wellington is New Zealand's national political, industrial and financial center. The Port of Nicholson in Wellington is the second largest port in the country after Auckland, and can berth 10,000-ton ships.
Wellington is a famous tourist destination in the Pacific Ocean. Ancient buildings preserved in the city include the government building built in 1876. It is one of the most magnificent wooden structures in the South Pacific, the majestic Paul Cathedral built in 1866, and the city hall built in 1904. The famous war memorial was built in 1932. There are 49 bells on the carillon. The bells are engraved with the names of the New Zealanders who participated in the battle during the First World War. There is the scenic Victoria Mountain in the southwest of Wellington City, and the Caingaro National Artificial Forest to the north of Victoria Mountain. It covers an area of 150,000 hectares and stretches for more than 100 kilometers. It is one of the largest artificial forests in the world.
Auckland: New Zealand’s largest city and largest harbour, Auckland (Auckland) is located on the narrow Auckland Isthmus between Waitemata Bay and Manakao Port on the North Island of New Zealand, and is only 26 kilometers wide. The entire city is built on volcanic ash, and there are about 50 volcanic vents and peaks that have been extinct in the territory. Auckland has a mild climate and abundant rainfall. The Waikato River Basin in the south of the city is one of the richest pastoral areas in New Zealand.
Auckland is New Zealand’s main industrial base, including clothing, textiles, food, electrical appliances, furniture, steel, etc., as well as building materials, machine manufacturing, shipbuilding, and sugar making industries. Auckland has convenient transportation and is a hub of national sea and air transportation. Railways and highways are connected to all parts of the country. The port scale and throughput are the first in the country. The routes lead to the South Pacific, East Asia, and many countries or regions in Europe and America. There is the country’s largest international airport in Mangele. The main cultural institutions in the city include the War Memorial Museum, Auckland City Art Gallery, Public Library, Auckland University, City Hall and Teachers Colleges. There are beaches, golf courses, stadiums, parks and protected areas for swimming and surfing.
Auckland is a beautiful garden city with a developed tourism industry. There is the largest safari park in the South Pacific-Auckland Lion Park, New Zealand’s largest playground "Rainbow Wonderland", a winery with fragrant wines, and an "underwater world" that integrates marine flora and fauna. There are displays from Maori ancestors. The Handicraft History Museum of China also has a modern museum showing new developments in transportation and technology. Waitemata Harbour and Manakau Harbour, which surround Auckland, are popular destinations for sailing activities at sea. Every weekend, in the blue bay, sailing boats with colorful sails shuttle across the sea. Therefore, Auckland has the reputation of "the city of sails".