Slovakia BASIC INFOMATION
|LOCAL TIME||YOUR TIME|
|LOCAL TIME ZONE||TIMEZONE DIFFERENCE|
|UTC/GMT +1 HOURS|
|latitude / longitude|
|48°39'56"N / 19°42'32"E|
|SK / SVK|
|Slovak (official) 78.6%|
other or unspecified 8.8% (2011 est.)
|Slovakia banks list|
Slovakia is located in central Europe and the eastern part of the former Czechoslovak Federal Republic. It borders Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east, Hungary to the south, Austria to the southwest, and the Czech Republic to the west, covering an area of 49,035 square kilometers. The northern part is the higher area of the Western Carpathian Mountains, most of which are 1000-1500 meters above sea level. The mountains occupy most of the country. Slovakia has a temperate climate transitioning from oceanic to continental climate. The main ethnic group is Slovak, and the official language is Slovak. |
Slovakia, the full name of the Slovak Republic, is located in central Europe and the eastern part of the former Czechoslovak Federal Republic. It borders Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east, Hungary to the south, Austria to the southwest and the Czech Republic to the west. The area is 49035 square kilometers. The northern part is the higher area of the Western Carpathian Mountains, most of which are 1,000-1,500 meters above sea level. The mountains occupy most of the country. It is a temperate climate with a transition from an ocean to a continental climate. The national average temperature is 9.8℃, the highest temperature is 36.6℃, and the lowest temperature is -26.8℃.
From the 5th to the 6th century, the Sislavs settled here. It became part of the Great Moravia Empire after 830 AD. After the fall of the empire in 906, it fell under Hungarian rule and later became part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. In 1918, the Austro-Hungarian Empire disintegrated and the independent Czechoslovak Republic was established on October 28. Occupied by Nazi Germany in March 1939, the puppet Slovak state was established. It was liberated on May 9, 1945 with the help of the Soviet army. In 1960 the country was renamed the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic. In March 1990, the country was renamed the Czechoslovak Federal Republic, and in April of the same year it was changed to the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic. On December 31, 1992, the Czechoslovak Federation was dissolved. Since January 1, 1993, the Slovak Republic has become an independent sovereign state.
The national flag: It is rectangular with a ratio of length to width of 3:2. It is composed of three parallel and equal horizontal rectangles connected by white, blue and red from top to bottom. The national emblem is painted on the left side of the center of the flag. The three colors of white, blue and red are pan-Slavic colors, which are also the traditional colors that the Slovak people like.
Slovakia has a population of 5.38 million (at the end of 2005). The main ethnic group is Slovak, accounting for 85.69% of the population, in addition to Hungarians, Tsagans, Czechs, as well as Ukrainians, Poles, Germans and Russians. The official language is Slovak. 60.4% of residents believe in Roman Catholicism, 8% believe in Slovak Evangelicalism, and a few believe in Orthodox Church.
Slovakia promotes a social market economy. The main industrial sectors include steel, food, tobacco processing, transportation, petrochemicals, machinery, automobiles, etc. The main crops are barley, wheat, corn, oil crops, potatoes, sugar beets, etc.
The terrain of Slovakia is high in the north and low in the south, with beautiful scenery, pleasant climate, many historical and cultural attractions, and rich tourism resources. There are more than 160 large and small lakes across the country. The beautiful lake is not only a tourist attraction but also an important base for the development of freshwater fish farming and agriculture. Although Slovakia is a landlocked country, its transportation is convenient. The country has more than 3,600 kilometers of railways. The Danube is 172 kilometers long in Slovakia, and it can travel 1,500-2,000 tons of barges. You can sail upstream to Regensburg, Germany, and downstream, you can enter the Black Sea via Romania.
Bratislava: Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia, is Slovakia’s largest inland port and political, economic, cultural center and petroleum The center of the chemical industry, located at the foothills of the Little Carpathians on the Danube, near Austria. It covers an area of 368 square kilometers.
Bratislava has a long history and was a fortress of the Roman Empire in ancient times. In the 8th century, the Slav tribe settled here and later belonged to the Kingdom of Moravia. It became the Liberty City in 1291. In the following hundreds of years, it was occupied by Germany and the Kingdom of Hungary alternately. In 1918, he officially returned to the Czechoslovak Republic. After the split between the Czech Republic and the Slovak Federal Republic on January 1, 1993, it became the capital of the independent Slovak Republic.
The famous monuments of Bratislava include: the Gothic St. Martin’s Church built in the 13th century, which was once the place where the Hungarian king was crowned; it was built in the 14-15th century and is now the city The old castle of the museum; St. John’s Church, built in 1380 and famous for its towering spires; Roland’s Fountain, built in the 16th century; and the Municipal Building of the original Bishop’s Palace, this 18th century Baroque building. In 1805, Napoleon signed a peace treaty here with Emperor Francis II of Austria, and was protected as the headquarters of the Hungarian Revolution from 1848 to 1849. In addition, there is also a commemoration of the Soviet soldiers who died on April 4, 1945. The Lavin Memorial to Soviet Martyrs and the Mihai Gate, part of the medieval bunker that has been turned into a weapon museum.
In the new city, there are row upon row of modern high-rise buildings, and the imposing chain bridge spanning the Danube spans north and south. At the southern end of the bridge, in the circular rotating café at the top of the tens-meter-high observation tower, visitors can enjoy the picturesque scenery of the Danube--the beautiful land of Hungary and Austria at the end of the lush forest to the south; to the north, The blue Danube is like a jade belt that descends from the sky and tied around Bratislava's waist.