Slovenia BASIC INFOMATION
|LOCAL TIME||YOUR TIME|
|LOCAL TIME ZONE||TIMEZONE DIFFERENCE|
|UTC/GMT +1 HOURS|
|latitude / longitude|
|46°8'57"N / 14°59'34"E|
|SI / SVN|
|Slovenian (official) 91.1%|
other or unspecified 4.4%
only in municipalities where Italian national communities reside)
only in municipalities where Hungarian national communities reside) (200
TYPE C EUROPEAN 2-PIN|
TYPE F SCHUKO PLUG
|Slovenia banks list|
Slovenia is located in south-central Europe, the northwestern tip of the Balkan Peninsula, between the Alps and the Adriatic Sea, bordering Italy to the west, Austria and Hungary to the north, Croatia to the east and south, and the Adriatic Sea to the southwest. Covering an area of 20,273 square kilometers, the coastline is 46.6 kilometers long. Triglav is the highest mountain in the territory with an altitude of 2,864 meters. The most famous lake is Lake Bled. The climate is divided into mountain climate, continental climate and Mediterranean climate. |
Slovenia, the full name of the Republic of Slovenia, is located in south-central Europe, the northwestern tip of the Balkan Peninsula, between the Alps and the Adriatic Sea, in the northwest of the former Yugoslavia, and bordering Croatia in the east and south. It borders the Adriatic Sea to the southwest, Italy to the west, and Austria and Hungary to the north. The area is 20,273 square kilometers. 52% of the area is covered by dense forest. The coastline is 46. 6 kilometers long. Triglav is the highest mountain in the territory, with an altitude of 2,864 meters. The most famous lake is Lake Bled. The climate is divided into mountain climate, continental climate and Mediterranean climate. The average temperature in summer is 21℃, and the average temperature in winter is 0℃.
At the end of the 6th century, the Slavs migrated to the area of present-day Slovenia. In the 7th century AD, Slovenia belonged to the feudal kingdom of Samo. It was ruled by the Frankish Kingdom in the 8th century. From 869 to 874 AD, an independent state of Slovenia was established in the Panno Plain. Since then, Slovenia has changed its owners several times and was ruled by the Habsburgs, Turkey, and the Austro-Hungarian Empire. At the end of 1918, Slovenia formed the Serb-Croatian-Slovenian Kingdom together with other southern Slavic peoples, which was renamed the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929. In 1941, German and Italian fascists invaded Yugoslavia. In 1945, the people of all ethnic groups in Yugoslavia won the anti-fascist war and declared the establishment of the Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia (renamed the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1963) on November 29 of the same year. Slovenia was one of the republics. On June 25, 1991, the Slovak Parliament passed a resolution declaring that it would leave the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia as an independent sovereign state. Joined the United Nations on May 22, 1992.
National flag: It is a horizontal rectangle with a ratio of length to width of 2:1. It is composed of three parallel and equal horizontal rectangles, which are white, blue, and red from top to bottom. The national emblem is painted on the upper left corner of the flag. Slovenia declared its separation from the former Yugoslavia in 1991 and became an independent and sovereign country. In 1992, the aforementioned national flag was officially adopted.
Slovenia has a population of 1.988 million (December 1999). Mainly Slovenian (87.9%), Hungarian (0.43%), Italian (0.16%), and the rest (11.6%). The official language is Slovenian. The main religion is Catholicism.
Slovenia is a moderately developed country with a sound industrial and technological foundation. The mineral resources are poor, mainly including mercury, coal, lead and zinc. Rich in forest and water resources, the forest coverage rate is 49.7%. In 2000, the industrial output value accounted for 37.5% of the GDP, and the employed population was 337,000, accounting for 37.8% of the entire employed population. The industrial sector is dominated by black metallurgy, papermaking, pharmaceuticals, furniture manufacturing, shoemaking, and food processing. Slovenia attaches importance to the development of tourism. The main tourist areas are the Adriatic seaside and the northern Alps. The main tourist attractions are the Triglav Mountain Natural Scenic Area, Lake Bled and the Postojna Cave.
Ljubljana: Ljubljana (Ljubljana) is the capital and political and cultural center of the Republic of Slovenia. Located in the upper reaches of the Sava River in the northwest, in a basin surrounded by mountains, it is densely foggy. It covers an area of 902 square kilometers and has a population of about 272,000 (1995).
The Romans built the city in the first century BC and called it "Emorna". It was changed to its current name in the 12th century. Due to its geographical location close to the border, it was mostly influenced by Austria and Italy in history. From 1809 to 1813, it was a local administrative center in France. In 1821, Austria, Russia, Prussia, France, Britain and other countries held a meeting of the member states of the "Holy Alliance". The nineteenth century was the center of the national movement in Slovenia. Belonged to Yugoslavia since 1919. There was an earthquake in 1895 and the damage was severe. Only some important buildings have been preserved, such as the ruins of the ancient Roman city in the third and fourth centuries BC, the Basilica of Saint Nicholas in the 18th century, the music hall built in 1702 and some 17th century Baroque architecture and so on.
Ljubljana is well-developed with cultural undertakings. There is the well-known Slovenian Academy of Arts and Sciences, and its galleries, libraries and national museums are well-known in the country. The University of Ljubljana, founded in 1595, was named after the 20th century revolutionary and statesman Edward Kader. The city’s college students account for 1/10 of the city’s population, so it is called the "University Town". The city also has the seminary (1919) and three fine arts schools, the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Fine Arts, and the Institute of Metallurgy.