Cameroon BASIC INFOMATION
|LOCAL TIME||YOUR TIME|
|LOCAL TIME ZONE||TIMEZONE DIFFERENCE|
|UTC/GMT +1 HOURS|
|latitude / longitude|
|7°21'55"N / 12°20'36"E|
|CM / CMR|
|24 major African language groups|
TYPE C EUROPEAN 2-PIN|
|Cameroon banks list|
Cameroon covers an area of about 476,000 square kilometers, located in central and western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea in the southwest, the equator in the south, and the southern edge of the Sahara Desert in the north. Most areas in the territory are plateaus, and plains occupy only 12% of the country. The annual precipitation at the western foot of the Cameroon volcano is 10,000 millimeters, which is one of the most rainy areas in the world. Here is not only beautiful scenery, rich tourism resources, but also has a large number of ethnic groups and a charming human landscape. It condenses the various landforms, climate types and cultural characteristics of the African continent. It is known as the "mini-Africa". |
Cameroon, the full name of the Republic of Cameroon, covers an area of about 476,000 square kilometers. It is located in central and western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea in the southwest, the equator in the south, and the southern edge of the Sahara Desert in the north. It borders Nigeria in the north, Gabon, Congo (Brazzaville) and Equatorial Guinea in the south, and Chad and Central Africa in the west. There are about 200 ethnic groups and 3 major religions in the country. The official languages are French and English. Yaoundé, the political capital, has a population of 1.1 million; Douala, the economic capital, is the largest port and commercial center with a population of more than 2 million.
Most areas within the territory are plateaus, and plains only occupy 12% of the country. The southwest coast is a plain, long from north to south; the southeast is Cameroon’s low plateau with large swamps and wetlands; the northern Benue River-Chad plain with an average elevation of 300-500 meters; the central Adamawa Plateau is the core of the Central African Plateau Part, the average elevation is about 1,000 meters; the central and western Cameroon volcanic mountains are multi-cone volcanic bodies, generally at an elevation of 2,000 meters. The Cameroon volcano near the sea is 4,070 meters above sea level and is the highest peak in the country and in West Africa. The Sana River is the largest river, in addition to the Niang River, Logon River, Benue River and so on. The western coastal and southern regions have a typical equatorial rainforest climate, which is hot and humid throughout the year, and transitions to a tropical grassland climate to the north. The annual rainfall at the western foot of the Cameroon volcano is 10,000 millimeters, which is one of the most rainy areas in the world. Cameroon is not only beautiful and rich in tourism resources, but also has a large number of ethnic groups and a charming human landscape. It condenses the various landforms, climate types and cultural characteristics of the African continent, and is known as the "mini-Africa".
The coastline is 360 kilometers long. The western coastal and southern regions have an equatorial rainforest climate, and the northern part has a tropical grassland climate. The annual average temperature is 24-28℃.
The country is divided into 10 provinces (Northern Province, Northern Province, Adamawa Province, Eastern Province, Central Province, Southern Province, Coastal Province, Western Province, Southwest Province, Northwest Province), 58 States, 268 districts, 54 counties.
Since the 5th century AD, some tribal kingdoms and tribal alliance countries have been formed in the territory. The Portuguese invaded in 1472, and in the 16th century, Dutch, British, French, German and other colonists successively invaded. In 1884, Germany forced King Douala on the western coast of Cameroon to sign a "Protection Treaty." The region became a German "protector nation", and in 1902 it annexed the entire territory of Cameroon. During the First World War, British and French troops occupied Cameroon separately. In 1919, Cameroon was divided into two regions, the eastern region was occupied by France, and the western region was occupied by Britain. In 1922, the League of Nations handed over East Cameroon and West Cameroon to Britain and France for "mandate rule." In 1946, the United Nations General Assembly decided to place Eastern and Western Kasas under the trusteeship of Britain and France. On January 1, 1960, East Cameroon (French Trust Zone) declared its independence and the country was named the Republic of Cameroon. Ahijo became president. In February 1961, referendums were held in the north and south of the Cameroon Trust Zone. The north was merged into Nigeria on June 1, and the south was merged with the Republic of Cameroon on October 1 to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon. In May 1972, the federal system was abolished and the centralized United Republic of Cameroon was established. In 1984 it was changed to the Republic of Cameroon. Ahiqiao resigned in November 1982. Paul Biya succeeded as president. In January 1984, the country was renamed the Republic of Cameroon. Joined the Commonwealth on November 1, 1995.
The national flag: It is rectangular with a ratio of length to width of 3:2. From left to right, it consists of three parallel and equal vertical rectangles: green, red, and yellow, with a yellow five-pointed star in the middle of the red part. Green symbolizes the tropical plants of the southern equatorial rainforest, and also symbolizes the people's hope for a happy future; yellow symbolizes the northern grasslands and mineral resources, and also symbolizes the brilliance of the sun that brings happiness to the people; red symbolizes the power of unity and unity. The five-pointed star symbolizes the unity of the country.
The total population of Cameroon is 16.32 million (2005). There are more than 200 ethnic groups including Fulbe, Bamilek, Equatorial Bantu, Pygmies, and Northwest Bantu. Correspondingly, there are more than 200 ethnic languages all over the country, none of which have written characters. French and English are the official languages. The main national languages are Fulani, Yaoundé, Douala, and Bamilek, all of which have no text. The Fulbe and some tribes in the west believe in Islam (approximately 20% of the country’s population); the southern and coastal areas believe in Catholicism and Protestantism (35%); and the inland and remote areas still believe in fetishism (45%).
Cameroon has superior geographical location and natural conditions and abundant resources. Because it straddles the two climatic zones of the equatorial rainforest and tropical grasslands, the temperature and precipitation conditions are very suitable for the development of agriculture, and it is more than self-sufficient in food. Therefore, Cameroon is known as the "Central African granary."
Cameroon’s forest area is more than 22 million hectares, accounting for about 42% of the country's total area. Timber is Cameroon’s second largest foreign exchange earning product. Cameroon is rich in hydraulic resources, and the available hydraulic resources account for 3% of the world's hydraulic resources. There are also rich mineral resources here. There are more than 30 types of proven underground mineral deposits, mainly bauxite, rutile, cobalt and nickel. In addition, there are gold, diamonds, marble, limestone, mica, etc.
Cameroon is blessed with unique tourism resources, including charming beaches, dense virgin forests and clear lakes and rivers. There are 381 tourist attractions and 45 protected areas of various types throughout the country. The main tourist spots include natural zoos such as Benue, Waza and Bubaengida. In recent years, hundreds of thousands of foreign tourists come to Cameroon every year.
Agriculture and animal husbandry are the main pillars of Cameroon’s national economy. Industry also has a certain foundation and scale, and its level of industrialization ranks among the top in sub-Saharan Africa. In recent years, Cameroon’s economy has grown steadily. In 2005, the per capita GDP reached 952.3 US dollars.
Yaoundé: The capital of Cameroon, Yaounde (Yaounde) is located in a hilly area south of the central plateau of Cameroon, about 200 kilometers west of the Port of Douala on the Atlantic coast. The Sanaga and Niang rivers meander through its sides. Yaounde has a long history. It was originally a small village where the indigenous Ewando tribe lived. Yaoundé evolved from the pronunciation of Ewando. Archaeologists have discovered a batch of ancient pottery with axe and palm kernel patterns from 1100 BC in a nearby tomb. The city of Yaoundé was built in 1880. In 1889, Germany invaded Cameroon and built the first military post here. In 1907, the Germans established administrative institutions here, and the city began to take shape. After Cameroon became independent in 1960, Yaoundé was designated the capital.
The Cultural Palace aided by China is one of the large buildings in the city. The Palace of Culture stands on the top of Chinga Mountain and is known as the "Flower of Friendship". On another hill in the northwest corner of the Palace of Culture, there is a new presidential palace. The two buildings face each other in a distance and become famous landmarks. The "women's market" in the city is a circular five-story building. Most of the vendors here are named after women. It covers an area of 12,000 square meters. There are 390 shops operating in the building, from morning to night. Crowded. It was rebuilt on the basis of a chaotic old market. It is a must-visit place for housewives and an important tourist spot for tourists.