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latitude / longitude
34°40'5"N / 104°9'57"E
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Standard Chinese or Mandarin (official; Putonghua
based on the Beijing dialect)
Yue (Cantonese)
Wu (Shanghainese)
Minbei (Fuzhou)
Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese)
Hakka dialects
minority languages

National flag
ChinaNational flag
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China banks list
9,596,960 KM2

China Introduction

China is located in the eastern part of the Asian continent and the western shore of the Pacific Ocean, with a land area of ​​approximately 9.6 million square kilometers. The Chinese territory spans more than 49 degrees of latitude from the heart of the Heilongjiang River north of the Mohe River in the north to the Zengmu Shoal at the southern tip of the Nansha Islands in the south; from the confluence of the Heilongjiang and Wusuli Rivers in the east to the Pamirs in the west, spanning more than 60 degrees in longitude. From south to north, from east to west, the distance is more than 5000 kilometers. China's land border is 22,800 kilometers long, the mainland coastline is about 18,000 kilometers long, and the sea area is 4.73 million square kilometers.

China is located in the east of Asia, on the west coast of the Pacific Ocean. The land area is 9.6 million square kilometers, the eastern and southern continental coastline is more than 18,000 kilometers, and the water area of ​​the inland sea and border sea is about 4.7 million square kilometers. There are 7,600 large and small islands in the sea area, of which Taiwan Island is the largest with an area of ​​35,798 square kilometers. my country borders 14 countries and is adjacent to 8 countries by sea. Provincial administrative divisions are divided into 4 municipalities directly under the Central Government, 23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, 2 special administrative regions and the capital Beijing.

The terrain of China is high in the west and low in the east. Mountains, plateaus and hills account for about 67% of the land area, and basins and plains account for about 33% of the land area. The mountains are mostly east-west and northeast-southwest, mainly including Altai Mountains, Tianshan Mountains, Kunlun Mountains, Karakoram Mountains, Himalayas, Yinshan Mountains, Qinling Mountains, Nanling Mountains, Daxinganling Mountains, Changbai Mountains, Taihang Mountains, Wuyi Mountains, Taiwan Mountains and Hengduan Mountains. . In the west, there is the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, the largest in the world, with an average elevation of more than 4000 meters. It is known as the "Roof of the World". Mount Everest is 8,844.43 meters above sea level, which is the highest peak in the world. Inner Mongolia, the Xinjiang region, the Loess Plateau, the Sichuan Basin and the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau to the north and east are the second step of China's topography. There are mostly plains and hills from the east of the Daxinganling-Taihang Mountain-Wu Mountain-Wuling Mountain-Xuefeng Mountain to the coastline, which is the third step. The continental shelf to the east and south of the coastline contains abundant seabed resources.

China has a long history. Yuanmou people 1.7 million years ago are the earliest known human beings in China. In the 21st century BC, the Xia Dynasty, the earliest slavery country in China, was established. In the following thousands of years, the Chinese people used their own credit and wisdom to create a splendid historical and cultural civilization, in science and technology, social economy, literary thought, etc. Brilliant achievements were made in this respect.

China’s modern history is a history of humiliation and resistance by the Chinese people. However, the brave and kind Chinese people fought blood and overthrew the feudal dynasty and established a democratic government. In 1921, the great Communist Party of China was born, which pointed out the direction for the Chinese revolution.

Under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, the Chinese people defeated the Japanese aggressors after eight years of arduous resistance and won the war of liberation. On October 1, 1949, the People's Republic of China was proclaimed in Beijing, which marked China's entry into a period of socialist revolution and construction. After more than 50 years, the Chinese Communist Party has led the people of the whole country to adhere to the path of socialist development, continuously develop the socialist economy, and continuously improve the people's living standards.

China is the most populous developing country in the world. A large population, relatively insufficient resources, and weak environmental carrying capacity are China's basic national conditions at this stage, which are difficult to change in a short time. Since the 1970s, the Chinese government has unremittingly implemented the basic national policy of family planning across the country and implemented the path of sustainable development. There are many ethnic groups in China, and 56 ethnic groups have their own characteristics and blend with each other to jointly promote the development of socialism.


"Beijing" for short, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the center of Chinese politics and culture, and the center of international exchanges. The terrain of Beijing is high in the northwest and low in the southeast. The west, north and northeast are surrounded by mountains on three sides, and the southeast is a plain sloping gently towards the Bohai Sea. Beijing belongs to a warm temperate semi-humid climate zone, with four distinct seasons, short spring and autumn, and long winter and summer. Beijing is the hometown of the famous "Beijing Ape Man". The city has a history of more than 3,000 years with texts and cultural relics. It was once the capital of the Liao, Jin, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties. On October 1, 1949, the People's Republic of China was established, and Beijing has since become the capital of the People's Republic of China and the political center, cultural center and international exchange center of the country. Beijing’s Forbidden City, Great Wall, Zhoukoudian Ape Man Site, Temple of Heaven, and Summer Palace are listed as World Cultural Heritage by the United Nations. Beijing has rich tourism resources, with more than 200 tourist attractions open to the outside world, including the world’s largest palace, the Forbidden City, the Temple of Heaven, the Royal Garden Beihai, the Royal Garden Summer Palace, and the Badaling, Mutianyu, and Simatai Great Walls. As well as the world’s largest courtyard house, Prince Gong’s Mansion and other historic sites. There are 7309 cultural relics and historic sites in the city, including 42 national cultural relics protection units and 222 municipal cultural relics protection units.


Abbreviated as "Shanghai", it is located on the front edge of the Yangtze River Delta, bordering the East China Sea in the east, Hangzhou Bay in the south, and Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces in the west. The estuary of the Yangtze River in the north is just in the middle of my country’s north-south coastline, with convenient transportation, vast hinterland and superior location. It is a good river-sea port. Except for a few hills and mountains in the southwest, Shanghai is full of open and low plains, which are part of the alluvial plain of the Yangtze River Delta. Shanghai has a north subtropical monsoon climate with four distinct seasons, abundant sunshine and abundant rainfall. The climate in Shanghai is mild and humid, with short spring and autumn and long winter and summer. Shanghai’s coastal area is adjacent to the East China Sea and is rich in aquatic resources. According to statistics, there are more than 700 aquatic resources in the East China Sea and the Yellow Sea. Shanghai is a cultural city with a long history. As of the end of 2004, Shanghai has been listed as national key cultural relics protection units, 114 municipal-level cultural relics protection units, 29 memorial sites, and 14 protection sites. So far, there are still several historic sites and characteristic gardens from the Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties.


The capital of Guangdong Province, the political, economic, technological, educational and cultural center of Guangdong Province. Guangzhou is located in the south of mainland China, in the south-central part of Guangdong Province, on the northern edge of the Pearl River Delta, and close to the mouth of the lower reaches of the Pearl River Basin. As the Pearl River Estuary has many islands and dense waterways, Humen, Jiaomen, Hongqimen and other waterways go to the sea, making Guangzhou an excellent seaport for China's ocean shipping and an import and export port in the Pearl River Basin. Guangzhou is also the junction of Beijing-Guangzhou, Guangzhou-Shenzhen, Guangmao and Guangmei-Shan railways and a civil aviation transportation center in South China. It has very close ties with all parts of the country. Therefore, Guangzhou is known as the "South Gate" of China. Guangzhou is located in the south subtropical zone, and its climate is a typical monsoon ocean climate in the south subtropical zone. Because of the mountains and the sea, the oceanic climate features are particularly remarkable, with warm and rainy, sufficient light and heat, small temperature differences, long summers and short frost periods.


The capital of Shaanxi Province, a world-famous historical and cultural city, is the first of my country’s six ancient capitals, and an important scientific research, Higher education, national defense technology industry and high-tech industry base. Xi'an is located in the Guanzhong Basin in the middle of the Yellow River Basin. The difference in altitude in the city is the highest among cities in the country. The Xi'an area has been known as "Eight Waters Around Chang'an" since ancient times. The complex stratum development and diverse structural types provide favorable conditions for the formation of various mineral resources. The plain area of ​​Xi'an has a warm temperate zone and semi-humid continental monsoon climate, with four distinct seasons: cold, warm, dry and wet. Xi'an is rich in cultural and tourist resources and has now become one of the famous tourist cities in China.