East Timor BASIC INFOMATION
|LOCAL TIME||YOUR TIME|
|LOCAL TIME ZONE||TIMEZONE DIFFERENCE|
|UTC/GMT +9 HOURS|
|latitude / longitude|
|8°47'59"S / 125°40'38"E|
|TL / TLS|
TYPE C EUROPEAN 2-PIN|
TYPE F SCHUKO PLUG
TYPE G BRITISH 3-PIN
|East Timor banks list|
East Timor Introduction
East Timor covers an area of 14,874 square kilometers and is located in the easternmost island country of the Nusa Tenggara archipelago in Southeast Asia, including the Okusi area on the eastern and western north coast of Timor Island and the nearby Atauro Island. It borders West Timor, Indonesia in the west, and Australia across the Timor Sea in the southeast. The coastline is 735 kilometers long. The territory is mountainous and densely forested. There are plains and valleys along the coast, and mountains and hills account for 3/4 of the total area. The plains and valleys have a tropical grassland climate, and other areas have a tropical rain forest climate. |
East Timor, the full name of the Democratic Republic of East Timor, is located in the easternmost island country of the Nusa Tenggara archipelago in Southeast Asia, including the Okusi area on the east and west north coast of Timor Island and the nearby Atauro Island. The west is connected to West Timor, Indonesia, and the southeast faces Australia across the Timor Sea. The coastline is 735 kilometers long. The territory is mountainous, densely forested, and there are plains and valleys along the coast. Mountains and hills account for 3/4 of the total area. The highest peak of Mount Tataramarao is Ramalau Peak at an altitude of 2,495 meters. The plains and valleys belong to the tropical grassland climate, and the other areas are tropical rain forest climates. The annual average temperature is 26℃. The rainy season is from December to March of the following year, and the dry season is from April to November. The annual average precipitation is 2000 mm.
Before the 16th century, Timor Island was ruled successively by the Kingdom of Sri Lanka with Sumatra as the center and the Kingdom of Manjapahit with Java as the center. In 1520, Portuguese colonialists landed on Timor Island for the first time and gradually established colonial rule. The Dutch forces invaded in 1613 and established a base in West Timor in 1618, squeezing out Portuguese forces to the east. In the 18th century, British colonists briefly controlled West Timor. In 1816, the Netherlands restored its colonial status on Timor Island. In 1859, Portugal and the Netherlands signed a treaty, the east of Timor Island and Okusi returned to Portugal, and the west was merged into Dutch East India (now Indonesia). In 1942, Japan occupied East Timor. After the Second World War, Portugal resumed its colonial rule of East Timor, and in 1951 it was nominally changed to an overseas province of Portugal. In 1975, the Portuguese government allowed East Timor to hold a referendum to implement national self-determination. 1976 Indonesia declared East Timor as the 27th province of Indonesia. The Democratic Republic of East Timor was officially born in 2002.
The population of East Timor is 976,000 (2005 World Health Organization statistical report). Among them, 78% are indigenous people (mixed race of Papuans and Malays or Polynesians), 20% are Indonesians, and 2% are Chinese. Tetum (TETUM) and Portuguese are the official languages, Indonesian and English are the working languages, and Tetum is the lingua franca and the main national language. About 91.4% of residents believe in Roman Catholicism, 2.6% in Protestant Christianity, 1.7% in Islam, 0.3% in Hinduism, and 0.1% in Buddhism. The Catholic Church of East Timor currently has two dioceses of Dili and Baucau, the bishop of Dili, RICARDO, and the bishop of Baucau, Nascimento (NASCIMENTO).
East Timor is located in the tropics with good natural conditions. The discovered mineral deposits include gold, manganese, chromium, tin, and copper. There are abundant reserves of oil and natural gas in the Timor Sea, and the oil reserves are estimated to be more than 100,000 barrels. The economy of East Timor is backward, agriculture is the main component of the economy, and the agricultural population accounts for 90% of the population of East Timor. The main agricultural products are corn, rice, potato and so on. Food cannot be self-sufficient. The cash crops include coffee, rubber, sandalwood, coconut, etc., which are mainly for export. Coffee, rubber, and red sandalwood are known as the "Three Treasures of Timor". There are mountains, lakes, springs, and beaches in East Timor, which have certain tourism potential, but the transportation is inconvenient. Many roads can only be opened to traffic during the dry season. Tourism resources have yet to be developed.