Eritrea BASIC INFOMATION
|LOCAL TIME||YOUR TIME|
|LOCAL TIME ZONE||TIMEZONE DIFFERENCE|
|UTC/GMT +3 HOURS|
|latitude / longitude|
|15°10'52"N / 39°47'12"E|
|ER / ERI|
other Cushitic languages
TYPE C EUROPEAN 2-PIN|
|Eritrea banks list|
Eritrea is located in northeastern Africa, Ethiopia to the south, Sudan to the west, Djibouti to the southeast, and the Red Sea to the east. It covers an area of 124,300 square kilometers (including the Dakhlak Islands). It has a coastline of 1,200 kilometers and faces Saudi Arabia and Yemen across the sea. The strategic position of the Mande Strait, the throat of the sea passage on the three continents of Europe, Asia and Africa, is very important. Eritrea is an agricultural country, with 80% of the population engaged in agriculture and animal husbandry. |
Eritrea, the full name of Eritrea, is located in the northeast of Africa, with Ethiopia to the north, Sudan to the west, Djibouti to the southeast, and the Red Sea to the east. It covers an area of 124,320 square kilometers (including the Dakhlak Islands) and has a long coastline. It is 1,200 kilometers away from Saudi Arabia and Yemen across the sea, and the Strait of Mande, the throat of the three continents of Europe, Asia, and Africa, has a very important strategic position.
Eritrea was once the political, economic, and cultural center of the Aksum Empire, and was ruled by the Kingdom of Ethiopia for a long time. In 1869, the Italians began to occupy Eritrea's territory and declared it a colony in 1882. In 1890, it was intended to unite the occupied areas into a unified colony, called "Eritrea", which is the origin of the name of Eritrea. Italy withdrew in 1941, and Ecuador was occupied by Britain and became a trusteeship. In 1950, Eritrea formed a federation with Ethiopia as an autonomous unit. The two sides formed the federation in 1952, and the British forces withdrew that year. In 1962, Eritrea became a province of Ethiopia. On April 23-25, 1993, Ecuador held a referendum on Ecuador’s independence, and 99.8% of voters were in favor of independence. The Ethiopian Transitional Government accepts the result of the referendum and recognizes Ecuador's independence. Ecuador officially declared its independence on May 24, 1993 and held its founding celebration.
National flag: It is rectangular. The flag surface is composed of three triangles, and the red isosceles triangle near the flagpole. In the red part, there is a circular pattern composed of three yellow olive branches. Red symbolizes the struggle for independence and liberation, green symbolizes agriculture and animal husbandry, blue symbolizes the country's rich marine resources and wealth, yellow symbolizes mineral resources, and olive branch symbolizes peace.
Eritrea has a total population of 4.56 million (estimated in 2006), and there are 9 ethnic groups: Tigrinya, Tigray, Hidalaibe, Biren, Kunama, Nala, Saho, Afar, Rashaida. Among them, the Tigrinya and Tigray tribes make up the majority, and the Afar tribe is mostly in the southeast and has a greater influence. Each ethnic group uses its own language, the main languages are Tigrinya and Tigray. General English and Arabic. Religious beliefs are dominated by Christianity and Islam, with half of the followers, and a few believe in Catholicism and traditional fetishism.
Eritrea is an agricultural country, 80% of the country’s population is engaged in agriculture and animal husbandry production. Agricultural products account for 70% of export revenue. Animal husbandry occupies a considerable proportion in the national economy. Natural resources such as oil, copper, gold, iron, salt and natural gas are also abundant. The main industrial sectors include oil refining, textiles, food processing, leather, glassware manufacturing, and shoemaking. Ecuador’s coastline is 1,200 kilometers long and the maritime industry is relatively developed. The port of Massawa, the only deep-water port on the Red Sea, and the artificial port of Assab, have a large throughput.