Ireland COUNTRY CODE +353

How to dial Ireland









latitude / longitude
53°25'11"N / 8°14'25"W
Euro (EUR)
English (official
the language generally used)
Irish (Gaelic or Gaeilge) (official
spoken mainly in areas along the western coast)
National flag
IrelandNational flag
banks list
Ireland banks list
70,280 KM2

Ireland Introduction

Ireland covers an area of ​​70,282 square kilometers. It is located in the south-central part of the island of Ireland in western Europe. It borders the Atlantic Ocean to the west, borders Northern Ireland in the northeast, and faces the United Kingdom across the Irish Sea to the east. The coastline is 3169 kilometers long. The central part is the hills and plains, and the coast is mostly highlands. The longest river Shannon is about 370 kilometers long, and the largest lake is Lake Krib. Ireland has a temperate maritime climate and is known as the "Emerald Island Country".

Ireland covers an area of ​​70,282 square kilometers. Located in the south-central part of the island of Ireland in western Europe. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the British Northern Ireland to the northeast, and Britain across the Irish Sea to the east. The coastline is 3169 kilometers long. The central part is hills and plains, and the coastal areas are mostly highlands. The Shannon River, the longest river, is about 370 kilometers long. The largest lake is Lake Korib (168 square kilometers). It has a temperate maritime climate. Ireland is known as the "Emerald Island Country".

The country is divided into 26 counties, 4 county-level cities and 7 non-county-level cities. The county consists of urban areas and towns.

In 3000 BC, mainland European immigrants began to settle on the island of Ireland. In 432 AD, St. Patrick came here to spread Christianity and Roman culture. Entered the feudal society in the 12th century. Invaded by Britain in 1169. In 1171, King Henry II of England established the rule of love. The King of England became the King of Ireland in 1541. In 1800, the Treaty of the Love-British Alliance was signed and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established, which was completely annexed by Britain. In 1916, the "Easter Uprising" against Britain broke out in Dublin. With the upsurge of the Irish national independence movement, the British government and Ireland signed the Anglo-Irish Treaty in December 1921, allowing 26 counties in southern Ireland to establish a "free state" and enjoy autonomy. The 6 northern counties (now Northern Ireland) still belong to the United Kingdom. In 1937, the Irish Constitution declared the "Free State" a republic, but it remained in the Commonwealth. On December 21, 1948, the Irish Parliament passed a law declaring its separation from the Commonwealth. On April 18, 1949, Britain recognized the independence of love, but refused to return it to the 6 northern counties. After Ireland's independence, successive Irish governments have adopted the realization of the unification of Northern and Southern Ireland as an established policy.

National flag: It is a horizontal rectangle with a ratio of length to width of 2:1. From left to right, it consists of three parallel equal vertical rectangles: green, white, and orange. Green represents the Irish people who believe in Catholicism and also symbolizes the green island of Ireland; orange represents Protestantism and its followers. This color is also inspired by the colors of the Orange-Nassau Palace, and also represents dignity and wealth; white symbolizes Catholics The permanent truce, solidarity and friendship with the Protestants also symbolize the pursuit of light, freedom, democracy and peace.

The total population of Ireland is 4.2398 million (April 2006). The vast majority are Irish. The official languages ​​are Irish and English. 91.6% of residents believe in Roman Catholicism, and others believe in Protestantism.

In history, Ireland was a country dominated by agriculture and animal husbandry, and was known as the "European Manor". Ireland began to implement an open policy in the late 1950s and achieved rapid economic development in the 1960s. Since the 1980s, Ai has driven the development of the national economy with high-tech industries such as software and bioengineering, and has attracted a large amount of overseas investment with a good investment environment, completing the transition from a farming and animal husbandry economy to a knowledge economy. Since 1995, Ireland's national economy has continued to grow rapidly, becoming the fastest growing country in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, known as the "European Tiger". In 2006, Ireland’s GDP was US$202.935 billion, with an average per capita of US$49,984, making it one of the richest countries in the world.

Dublin: Ireland is known as the emerald of the Atlantic Ocean, and the capital, Dublin, is embellished with dark emeralds. Dublin means "black water river" in the original Gaeltic language, because the peat of the Wicklow Mountain under the Liffey River flowing through the city makes the river black. Dublin is adjacent to Dublin Bay on the east coast of the island of Ireland, with an area of ​​more than 250 square kilometers and a population of 1.12 million (2002).

Dublin’s original name is Bel Yasacles, which means "fenced ferry town" and means "black pond" in Irish. In 140 AD, "Dublin" has been recorded in the geographical works of the Greek scholar Ptolemy. In April 1949, after Ireland became completely independent, Dublin was officially designated as the capital and became the seat of government agencies, parliament, and the Supreme Court.

Dublin is an antique and idyllic city full of poetry. Ten bridges across the Liffey River connect the north and the south. Located on the south bank of the river, Dublin Castle is the most famous ancient building complex in the city. It was built in the early 13th century and was historically the seat of the British Governor's House in Ireland. The castle consists of genealogy offices, archive towers, Holy Trinity Church and halls. The genealogy office, built in 1760, is located on the front of the castle, including the circular bell tower and the genealogy heraldry museum. The Holy Trinity Church is a Gothic building built in 1807, known for its exquisite carvings. Leinster Palace was built in 1745 and is now the House of Parliament. The Irish Post Office is a historic granite building where the birth of the Republic of Ireland was announced and the Irish green, white and orange flag was raised for the first time on the roof.

Dublin is the national cultural and educational center. The famous Trinity College (i.e. University of Dublin), the Bishop's University of Ireland, the National Library, the Museum and the Royal Society of Dublin are all located here. Trinity College was established in 1591 and has a history of more than 400 years. The college’s library is one of the largest libraries in Ireland, with more than 1 million books, containing ancient and medieval manuscripts and early published books. Among them, the beautifully illustrated 8th century gospel "The Book of Kells" is the most precious.

Dublin is Ireland’s largest port, and its import and export trade accounts for half of the country’s total foreign trade. There are 5,000 vessels departing each year. Dublin is also the largest manufacturing city in Ireland, with industries such as wine, clothing, textiles, chemicals, large machine manufacturing, automobiles, and metallurgy. In addition, Dublin is also an important financial center in the country.