Cyprus BASIC INFOMATION
|LOCAL TIME||YOUR TIME|
|LOCAL TIME ZONE||TIMEZONE DIFFERENCE|
|UTC/GMT +2 HOURS|
|latitude / longitude|
|35°10'2"N / 33°26'7"E|
|CY / CYP|
|Greek (official) 80.9%|
Turkish (official) 0.2%
unspecified 0.6% (2011 est.)
TYPE G BRITISH 3-PIN|
|Cyprus banks list|
Cyprus covers an area of 9,251 square kilometers and is located in the northeastern part of the Mediterranean Sea, a key maritime transportation hub for Asia, Africa and Europe. It is the third largest island in the Mediterranean. It is 40 kilometers from Turkey to the north, 96.55 kilometers from Syria to the east, and 402.3 kilometers from the Nile Delta in Egypt to the south. The coastline is 782 kilometers long. The north is the long and narrow Kyrenia Mountains, the middle is the Mesoria Plain, and the southwest is the Trudos Mountains. It has a subtropical Mediterranean climate with dry and hot summers and warm and humid winters. |
Cyprus, the full name of the Republic of Cyprus, covers an area of 9251 square kilometers. Located in the northeastern part of the Mediterranean Sea, it is the maritime transportation hub of Asia, Africa and Europe, and is the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. It is 40 kilometers from Turkey to the north, 96.55 kilometers from Syria to the east, and 402.3 kilometers from the Nile Delta in Egypt to the south. The coastline is 782 kilometers long. The north is the long and narrow Kyrenia Mountains, the middle is the Mesoria Plain, and the southwest is the Trudos Mountains. The highest peak, Mount Olympus, is 1950.7 meters above sea level. The longest river is the Padias River. It belongs to the subtropical Mediterranean climate, with dry and hot summers and warm and humid winters.
The country is divided into six administrative regions; Nicosia, Limassol, Famagusta, Larnaca, Paphos, Kyrenia. Most parts of Kyrenia and Famagusta, and part of Nicosia are controlled by the Turks.
In 1500 BC, the Greeks moved to the island. From 709 BC to 525 BC, it was successively conquered by Assyrians, Egyptians and Persians. It was ruled by the ancient Romans for 400 years since 58 BC. It was incorporated into the Byzantine territory in 395 AD. Ruled by the Ottoman Empire from 1571 to 1878. From 1878 to 1960, it was controlled by the British, and in 1925 it was reduced to a British "direct colony". On February 19, 1959, Serbia signed the "Zurich-London Agreement" with Britain, Greece, and Turkey, which established the basic structure of the country after Serbia’s independence and the distribution of power between the two ethnic groups; and signed a "guarantee treaty" with Britain, Greece and Turkey. The three countries guarantee the independence, territorial integrity and security of Serbia; the "Alliance Treaty" has been concluded with Greece and Turkey, stipulating that Greece and Turkey have the right to station troops in Serbia. Independence was declared on August 16, 1960, and the Republic of Cyprus was established. Joined the Commonwealth in 1961. After independence, there have been many large-scale bloodsheds between the Greek and Turkish tribes. After 1974, the Turks moved to the north, and in 1975 and 1983, they announced the establishment of the "Turkish State of Cyprus" and the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus", forming a split between the two ethnic groups.
National flag: It is rectangular, the ratio of length to width is about 5:3. A yellow outline of the country's territory is painted on the white flag ground, and there are two green olive branches under it. White symbolizes purity and hope; yellow represents rich mineral resources, because "Cyprus" means "copper" in Greek, and it is known for producing copper; olive branch represents peace, and symbolizes the peace of the two major nations of Greece and Turkey. The spirit of yearning and cooperation.
Cyprus has a population of 837,300 (official estimate in 2004). Among them, the Greeks accounted for 77.8%, the Turkishs accounted for 10.5%, and a small number of Armenian, Latin and Maronites. The main languages are Greek and Turkish, general English. The Greeks believe in Orthodox Church, and the Turks believe in Islam.
The mineral deposits in Cyprus are dominated by copper. Others include iron sulfide, salt, asbestos, gypsum, marble, wood and earthy inorganic pigments. In recent years, the mineral resources have been nearly exhausted, and the mining volume has been declining year by year. The forest area is 1,735 square kilometers. Water resources are poor, and 6 large dams have been built with a total water storage capacity of 190 million cubic meters. The processing and manufacturing industry occupies an important position in the national economy. The main industrial sectors include food processing, textiles, leather products, chemical products, and some light industries. There is basically no heavy industry. The tourism industry develops rapidly, and the main tourist cities include Paphos, Limassol, Larnaca, etc.
Nicosia: The capital of Cyprus, Nicosia (Nicosia) is located in the middle of the Mesoria Plain on the island of Cyprus, bordering the Padias River, and north of the Kyrenia Mountains crossing the northern coast of the island. In the southwest, it faces the verdant Trudos Mountain, about 150 meters above sea level. It covers an area of 50.5 square kilometers (including the suburbs) and has a population of 363,000 (of which 273,000 are in Greek districts and 90,000 are in soil areas).
In more than 200 BC, Nicosia was called "Lydra", located in the southwest of present-day Nicosia, and was an important city-state in ancient Cyprus. Nicosia was gradually formed and built on the basis of Lidra. Have experienced the Byzantines (330-1191 AD), the Kings of Luxignan (1192-1489 AD), the Venetians (AD 1489-1571), the Turks (1571-1878 AD), and the British (1878) -1960).
Since the end of the 10th century, Nicosia has been the capital of the island nation for nearly 1,000 years. The architecture of the city has both Eastern style and Western style, which clearly reflects the historical changes and the influence of the East and the West. The city is centered on the old city within the walls of Venice, radiating to the surroundings, gradually expanding into a new city. Lidra Street in the old city is the most prosperous area in Nicosia. After the Venetians occupied the island in 1489, a circular wall and 11 heart-shaped bunkers were built in the center of the city, which are still intact. The Selimiye Mosque, located in the center of the city wall, was originally the Gothic St. Sophia Cathedral that started in 1209 and was completed in 1235. After the Turks invaded in 1570, two minarets were added and it was officially converted into a mosque the following year. In 1954, to commemorate the Sultan of Selimiye who conquered Cyprus, it was officially renamed Selimiye Mosque. The Archbishop’s Palace and St. John’s Church built during the Crusades are typical Greek Orthodox churches in the city. They have now been used as office buildings for the island culture research department. In addition, there are some buildings from the Byzantine period (330-1191) that are also quite distinctive. In the small alleys of the inner city, because of traditional handicrafts and leather shops, many goods are piled on the sidewalks. The twists and turns are like a maze. Walking through them is like returning to the medieval city. The famous Cyprus Museum also collects and displays various cultural relics from the Neolithic to the Roman period.
The new urban area extending from the old city to the surroundings is another scene: wide streets here, clean and bustling city appearance, criss-cross roads, and endless traffic; developed telecommunications business, novel design, luxurious decoration The hotels and office buildings in Beijing attract a large number of domestic and foreign tourists and investors.